A large section of a masonry stone quarry was exposed (Fig. 2). The rock-cuttings had in some places reached a depth of 1 m below surface. Severance channels were noted around several bedrock masses and according to the hewing marks it seems that various size stones were quarried. The bedrock to the east was soft chalk where fewer quarrying marks were discerned. A few potsherds from the Roman period were found in the soil that covered the quarries.
The cave entrance was exposed on the southern side (Fig. 3). It has an arched top, a hinge socket for a door on its inside and a recess for a bolt. The floor sloped gently from the entrance to the north, toward the center of the cave. An arched cistern opening, partly plastered, was hewn in the eastern side of the cave. The shape of the rock-cutting in the north and the absence of plaster remains on the eastern side of the cave are indicative of an earlier cavity that did not survive, probably because later quarrying negated it; the floor in this part of the cave was flat and lower. At the northern end of the cave was an opening that led to another cave. Building stone collapse was found in the excavated fill, as well as numerous potsherds from the Early Roman period that mostly belonged to a single type of jar.
Three rock-hewn channels, which were negated by quarrying in a later phase, conveyed water to the cistern. Its elliptical opening was hewn in a layer of hard nari, whereas the vaulted cistern was hewn in a layer of soft chalk. Layers of gray hydraulic plaster were noted on the floor of the cistern and its ceiling. Remains of hydraulic plaster were discerned on a hewn opening in the western side, whose upper part was curved (Fig. 4). The size of the opening was reduced in a later phase by means of construction added to its lower part. Jar fragments from the Early Roman period were found on the floor of the cistern.
Another cavern that was hewn in soft chalk was discovered north of the southern cave and next to the cistern. The sides of its elongated shape were not straight and its floor was level. Jar fragments from the Early Roman period were found on the floor, covered with a chalky paste and stone fragments that were the remains of the collapsed cave’s ceiling. These were overlain with soil, stones and potsherds that dated to the Roman period.
A round cavity, partly hewn and partly built of small stones that were covered with fine plaster, was discovered. Rows of niches were hewn in its walls: three in the east and one each in the north and west (Fig. 5). Some of niches in the western side were built. Traces of plaster were discerned on the sides of the niches at the top of the installation and on the columbarium’s opening. A few potsherds that dated to the Roman period were found.
The columbarium was connected by way of a hewn opening in the south to a square installation (Fig. 6), partly hewn and partly built, whose walls were coated with plaster and constructed in a number of ways. The eastern wall, built of large stones, was also plastered on the outside; the southern wall was built of medium and large stones, set on bedrock and the western wall consisted of small stones, set on hewn bedrock.The floor of the installation, damaged by modern drilling activity, was hewn along an incline that sloped gently to the north and a few potsherds from the Roman period overlaid it.
Several phases of utilization were discerned at the site, all dating to the Roman period.Jar fragments that dated to the Early Roman period were found on the floor of the cistern and in the southern and northern caves; these indicate the time when the installations were last used before final abandonment.The deliberate fill in the northern cave shows a level that postdated the underground installations and was probably intended for the agricultural needs of orchards. It seems that building stones were quarried throughout the period, prior to hewing the underground installations and following their abandonment.