During January 2006, a salvage excavation was conducted in the Mizpe Afeq neighborhood of Rosh Ha-‘Ayin (Permit No. A-4681; map ref. 196312-37/666043–71), prior to the construction of a synagogue. The excavation, undertaken on behalf of the Israel Antiquities Authority and underwritten by Mr. A. Shifmann, was directed by Y. Elisha, with the assistance of E. Bachar (administration), V. Essman and V. Pirsky (surveying), T. Sagiv (field photography), and I. Berin (drafting).
Four squares (each 4×4 m) were opened just east of a previous excavation (HA-ESI 19). A layer of soil that contained a few potsherds from the Iron Age was exposed in three of the squares (L13–L15; Fig. 1), whereas only modern remains were discovered in the fourth square (L10).