Area A (Fig. 2)
A system of farming terraces (W10–W12) was discovered. Probe trenches were excavated opposite W10 (length c. 5 m, width c. 0.55 m) and W12 (length c. 1.5 m, width c. 0.5 m) and west of W11 (length c. 3.5 m, width c. 0.55 m). The walls, which ran parallel to the contour lines, were built upon bedrock of medium-sized fieldstones, with soil and small stones between them. The terrace walls were preserved two or three courses high, but three late courses were built above W10, probably in the modern era (Figs. 2: Section 1-1, 3). Several potsherds from the Hellenistic period were discovered in the soil between the stones of the walls.
Area B (Fig. 4)
Numerous rock-hewn installations, including a winepress, a cistern and other small installations were exposed c. 25 m southeast of Area A, below a later terrace and fence (W20, W21). The winepress was discovered in the middle of the area and consisted of a treading floor, a settling pit and collecting vat. The square treading floor (L207; 5×5 m; Figs. 4: Section 1-1, 5, 6) had its sides hewn in hard limestone (height 0.8–1.3 m). A small sump (diam. 0.2 m, depth 0.15 m) was hewn in the northwestern corner of the treading floor.
A square settling pit (L214; 1.25×1.30 m, depth 1.2 m; Fig. 4: Section 2-2) was exposed close to the northwestern corner of the treading floor. A sump (L229; diam. 0.25 m, depth 0.1 m) was hewn in its center. A conduit through which the must flowed (L223; length c. 0.25 m, diam. c. 5 cm) was hewn between the treading floor and the settling pit. A shallow channel (L208; length c. 0.15 m, width c. 0.05 m, depth c. 0.25 m) was hewn from the northeastern corner of the settling pit to the collecting vat (L203; c. 2×2 m, depth c. 1.8 m). A small square column (L231; 0.2×0.2 m, height c. 1 m), whose nature and use are unclear, was hewn in the floor of the collecting vat.
A square opening (c. 1.5×1.5 m; see Fig. 6) of a large cistern (L211; diam. c. 5.2 m, min. depth 5 m; Fig. 4: Section 3-3) was exposed just north of the winepress. The cistern was bell-shaped; part of it was hewn and part of it utilized a natural cavity. Several layers of light gray hydraulic plaster were preserved on its sides. The excavation of the fill in the cistern was not completed and the maximum depth of the installation is unknown.
Between the cistern and the collecting vat was a square rock-hewn surface (L210; 0.9×1.0 m, depth 0.45 m; see Fig. 6) that was connected to the cistern by way of a short rock-hewn channel (L209; length c. 0.25 m, width 0.2 m, max. depth 0.25 m). This was probably another treading floor of the winepress; once the winepress was no longer used, the water that drained from it was diverted to the cistern (Fig. 4: Sections 1-1, 4-4).
A square rock-hewn installation (L219; 1.00×1.25 m, depth 0.25 m), probably used to stand jars in, was exposed c. 0.8 m east of the winepress. A natural karstic pit (L213, L222; length c. 3.5 m, depth c. 1.2 m), not plastered, was discovered c. 5 m east of the winepress.
Two hewn square surfaces (L205, L212; Figs. 4: Section 1-1, 7) were exposed south of the winepress. Numerous remains of rock-cut installations in various shapes (L223–L228, L230–L239; Fig. 4: Section 5-5) were discovered to their southwest.
A scant amount of potsherds from the Hellenistic and Byzantine periods was recovered from the soil fill above the treading floor and inside the installations.
Area F (Fig. 8)
An ancient quarry (c. 6.0×9.5 m) was partially uncovered c. 50 m southeast of Area B. Based on the separation channels, different sizes of rectangular stones (length 0.5–1.8 m, width 0.10–0.15 m, depth 0.08–0.10 m; Fig. 9) were hewn in the quarry.
A farming terrace (W23; length c. 2.5 m, width c. 0.5 m) was built on top of the quarry.
Area C (Fig. 10)
The remains of farming terraces are visible on the surface north of Area F. One of them extended to the southeast for a distance of c. 120 m. Area C was opened for a length of c. 7.5 m next to the eastern end of it. A wall (W30; width c. 1 m, height 0.9 m; Fig. 11) built of medium-sized fieldstones on top of soil fill (thickness c. 0.5 m), parallel to the contour lines, was exposed. It consisted of two rows of stones with a core of small stones and soil fill and it was preserved three courses high. A row of stones (W31; width c. 0.5 m) that was probably a foundation course of W30 was exposed for a distance of c. 4 m north of and adjacent to the western part of W30. Another wall (W33; length 4.5 m, width c. 0.4 m, height c. 0.45 m), built of medium and large fieldstones and set atop the bedrock 0.5 m lower than the base of W30, was exposed c. 1 m south of W30.
Most of the potsherds in Area C dated to the Byzantine period, but a small number of potsherds that was discovered in the soil fill next to W33 dated to the Hellenistic period; they likely represent the early phase of the site.
Area D (Figs. 12, 13)
A bedrock surface (c. 12×15 m), in which dozens of installations of various shapes and sizes were hewn, was exposed c. 20 m southeast of Area C. An elliptical rock-hewn installation (L401; diam. 1.0–1.5 m, depth 0.4 m) was discovered in the middle of the surface; to its north were a rectangular installation (L400; 0.6×1.1 m, depth 1.5 m) and other small installations (length 0.4–0.5 m, width 0.2–0.4 m, depth 0.2–0.3 m). No finds were discovered inside or near the installations, whose nature and use is unknown.
Area E (Fig. 14)
An installation, hewn in hard limestone and resembling a winepress, was exposed c. 25 m southwest of Area D. The installation consisted of a treading floor and a collecting vat. The square treading floor had an irregular bottom (L504, c. 3×3 m). Its eastern, southern and western sides were high (max. height 0.5 m) and its northern side was low (0.05 m). Sections of two layers of grayish white plaster remained on its sides and floor. Fragments of a white industrial mosaic were discovered in the soil level overlying the floor.
A rock-hewn collecting vat with a bell-shaped cross-section was discovered (L502; diam. c. 1 m, min. depth 1 m) in the southwestern corner of the treading floor. The fill in the vat consisted of ash and large stones. The excavation of the vat was not finished because human bones were discovered at a depth of 1 m. The presence of bones indicates that the vat was used for burial in a later phase.
A square rock-cut surface (L506; 0.55×0.55 m, depth 0.12 m) was discovered next to the southeastern corner of the treading floor.
The finds included a scant amount of potsherds and three identical lamps dating to the Hellenistic period (Fig. 16).
The installations and farming terraces exposed in the excavation are mostly related to agricultural activity of the Hellenistic and Byzantine periods.