Stratum V (Umayyad period). Two walls (W15, W16) built of large limestone ashlars and preserved a single course high, were exposed. Wall 16 was oriented east–west and continued westward beyond the limits of the excavation area. Wall 15, aligned north–south, was perpendicular to Wall 16. The walls were founded on a thin layer of soil that contained potsherds from the Byzantine and Umayyad periods, overlying the bedrock. A tamped chalk floor (L126) was noted to the west of W16. The floor was founded on a thin deposit containing potsherds from the Roman, Byzantine and Umayyad periods, overlying the bedrock. Destruction layers of soil, small stones and potsherds from the Umayyad and Abbasid periods accumulated above the floor; Stratum IV was founded on top of these layers. It seems that W15 was the outer northern wall of a building and W16 was a partition between two rooms that were only partially exposed.
Stratum IV(Abbasid period). Parts of two rooms (A, B) of a residential structure were exposed. The building was founded on the remains of the destruction layers from Stratum V. Two perpendicular walls (W10, W14) of Room A were excavated. Room B (width c. 3 m) was rectangular and three of its walls (W10, W17, W18) were exposed. Wall 10 was a partition wall between the two rooms. The walls of both rooms were built of large limestone ashlars. The floors of the two rooms (L107, L117) were composed of crushed chalk, small stones and potsherds from the Abbasid period. Layers of debris accumulated on the floors, including stone collapse and potsherds from the Abbasid and Crusader periods.
Stratum III (Crusader period). The structure from Stratum IV was renovated, partition walls were added to it and its floor levels were raised. The building, including three rooms (C, E, F) and two courtyards (D, G), was partially exposed. Room A of Stratum IV was divided into Room C and Courtyard D. Room C was rectangular (2.5×3.0 m) and its walls (W10, W13) were built of limestone ashlars. The floor of the room (L106) was composed of crushed chalk, small stones and tamped potsherds from the Crusader period. No changes were made to the walls of Room E (Room B of Stratum IV). The room’s floor (L111), composed of crushed limestone and small stones, was founded on a layer of fill that covered Floor 107 of Stratum IV. An accumulation of light brown soil, small stones and potsherds from the Abbasid and Crusader periods was exposed on the floor. Room F was square (c. 1.5×1.5 m) and its walls (W17, W19) were built of limestone ashlars. Courtyard D was rectangular (c. 1.5×3.0 m) and its floor (L104) consisted of crushed limestone, small stones and tamped potsherds from the Crusader period. A circular tabun (diam. 0.6 m; Fig. 3) was exposed in its eastern corner. Courtyard G was square (2×2 m) and a circular tabun (diam. 0.6 m; Fig. 4) was built in its corner.
Stratum II (Mamluk period). The Crusader period building was blocked with layers of debris and ash (Fig. 5) and two walls (W11, W12) were built on its western side. It seems that the two walls belonged to the same architectural unit (H). The walls, preserved a single course high, were built of limestone ashlars and were founded on Floor 106 of Room C from Stratum III. The floor of Unit H (L105) consisted of tamped soil mixed with a small amount of crushed chalk and was founded on a soil deposit. A layer of gray soil containing small stones and potsherds from the Crusader and Mamluk periods had accumulated on the floor.
Stratum I (Ottoman period). Unit H of Stratum II was covered with layers of debris and ash. A round cesspit that severed the previous layers down to the floor of the Abbasid period was excavated (Fig. 6). Only the outer northern side of the cesspit was exposed. It was lined with fieldstones and its opening was square (0.45×0.45 m). The cesspit’s opening was surrounded by a floor of limestone, founded on a layer of debris that contained potsherds from the Mamluk period. The remains from the Ottoman period were c. 1.5 m higher than the building remains from the Crusader period.