Area A. Two stone clearance heaps, in the north and south of the area (A1 and A2 respectively), were examined.
Heap A1 (8 × 10 m, height 0.65 m), located c. 5 m south of the road in Area E, mainly consisted of small stones and was devoid of archaeological artifacts.
Heap A2 was small (diam. 3.3 m, max. height 0.7 m; Figs. 4, 5) and was built of large stones (W151), some of them upright (max. length 1.1 m, width 0.5 m, height 0.77 m). The center of the heap was filled with small cleared stones that had tumbled outward. No archaeological finds were discovered.
Area B. Two stone clearance heaps, one in the northeast (B1) and the other in the southwest (B2) were documented.
Heap B1 (diam. 13 m, max. height 2.5 m; Figs. 6, 7) was enclosed by a circular wall (W2) built of medium-sized fieldstones that probably delimited the maximum area of the clearance heap. A large, carelessly constructed field wall (W1; Figs. 8, 9), aligned northeast–southwest, was inside the heap, extending from Heap B2 (below; Fig. 10). The wall was built of a single row of large upright stones (max. length 1.2 m, width 0.6 m, height 0.89 m). About 1 m north of the wall was a circular compartment (L113; Fig. 11), enclosed by three walls: W3 in the southeast and parallel to W1; W4, also built of large stones and probably erected simultaneously with W1, in the west; and W9, the third wall, constructed of smaller fieldstones, which completed the curve from the north and east. The circular compartment was devoid of finds and its purpose was unclear. Straight or curved field walls built of medium-sized fieldstones were exposed at the bottom of the heap. It seems that some of them were used prior to clearing the stones and others were constructed during the course of the clearance, to stabilize the heap, which was becoming increasingly higher.
A large cupmark (upper diam. 0.52 m, depth 0.43 m) was exposed on a high bedrock surface in the east of the area; it was covered by a heap. A scant number of pottery sherds discovered among the stone clearance dates to the First Temple, the Second Temple and the Late Roman–Early Islamic periods. A basalt grinding stone (Fig. 12) was also found.
Heap B2 (diam. from southwest–northeast 13.3 m, from northwest–southeast 5.3 m, max. height c. 1.6 m; Figs. 13, 14) was c. 8 m southwest of Heap B1. A wall (W51), the continuation of W1 in Area B1, was exposed in the southwestern part of the heap. Remains of another perpendicular wall (W52) were revealed at the southwestern end of W51. The stones of W52 were presumably removed from their original place in W51 in order to enclose the southwestern side of the stone clearance heap. No archaeological remains were found in the heap.
Area C. One stone clearance heap (length from northwest–southeast 12 m, width from northeast–southwest 5.5 m, max, height 0.8 m) was found in this area; it contained only small stones, without any archaeological finds.
Area D. A small building (ext. length 3.15 m, int. dimensions 1.3–1.8 m, max. height 1 m; Figs. 15–17) was uncovered whose walls were preserved to a height of 1–2 courses. Numerous collapsed stones were found in a circle (diam. c. 6 m) inside the building and along its perimeter; they had probably been placed there intentionally for use in a clearance heap. The building, located on a ridgeline overlooking the area, was presumably used as a field tower. No archaeological artifacts were discovered. It seems that after the structure was destroyed, its remains were turned into a clearance heap that was surrounded by a ring of stones.
. A survey conducted in 2010 in this area recorded a terrace wall (length 60 m). The excavation revealed that the wall was part of a road system that ran for hundreds of meters from the north and west to the excavation areas (Figs. 18, 19). The main road (outer width 3.8–4.6 m, inner width 2.1–3.1 m) ran on an east–west axis and was bounded by two walls, generally one or sometimes two stones wide and high. While exposing sections of the road, two forks in the main road were exposed: one that turned to the northwest (Area F14; Zilberbod 2015) and the other, c. 70 m west of the first, which branched off to the south-southwest (exposed length 25 m, outer width 3 m, inner width 1.8–2.1 m).
Remains indicative of agricultural activity were identified in all the excavation areas and in the extensive spaces between them. These were primarily field walls, some of them probably used to divide the area into cultivation plots, to divert the flow of water, as the shoulders of roads and as agricultural terraces. The field walls usually consisted of a single, or sometimes, a double course, and were generally quite short. Stone clearance heaps, most of them small and low, are also scattered in the area.
All of the finds examined in the area are related to agricultural activity: stone clearance heaps, a small building probably used as a field tower (also subsequently turned into a stone clearance heap) and a system of roads. Other stone clearance heaps and field walls were identified but not excavated. The paucity of finds and the lack of datable artifacts precluded a determination of the exact date of the agricultural activity in the area. However, it can be reasonably assumed that much of it was related to the nearby Byzantine farmhouse.