Area 1 (Fig. 3). A crushing basin (diam. 2 m) with raised edges was exposed. It was part of a rock-cut oil press. A channel (L102; width 1 m, depth 0.6 m; Fig. 4) was hewn around it, and a square recess (L103)—in its center.
Area 2 (Figs. 5, 6) yielded a winepress with a square treading floor (L104), which was mostly rock-hewn and partly built. Two well-dressed building stones were preserved in situ in its northern wall. A collecting vat (L108; depth 1.3 m) with rock-cut niches in its northern and eastern walls (Fig. 7) was hewn east of the treading floor. Leveled bedrock surfaces lay to the east and south of the winepress.
Area 3 (Fig. 8). Two partially hewn pits (Fig. 9) were uncovered in the eastern part of the area. Both were treated with a single layer of pinkish white plaster. The southern pit (L111) was elliptical; its upper part was built, but its edge broke when the bedrock was exposed. The northern pit (L116) was square; only its uppermost part was built. A round depression (Fig. 10) was discovered in the pavement in the northwestern corner of the pit. A partition (W8) built of dressed stones separated the pits; on the bedrock surface east of the pits were traces of cement and architectural remains indicative of a wall (W9; Figs. 11, 12). The function of the pits could not be ascertained, but they were likely part of an installation that made use of liquids.
A leveled bedrock surface, a square rock cutting and an opening leading into a hewn space, all apparently belonging to a burial complex, were uncovered in the center of the area. The bedrock surface (Fig. 13) was leveled with dressed stones where the natural bedrock was low. The surface was delimited by walls on its east (W7) and north (W6); their remains were visible where the bedrock was quarried (Fig. 14). Just south of the bedrock surface was a rectangular rock cutting (L113), into which three rock-cut steps descend from the east (Fig. 15). The western part of the rock cutting was filled with collapsed, well-dressed building stones, probably from a wall (W3; Fig. 16) that was constructed along the perimeter of the bedrock surface, above the western wall of the rectangular ruck cutting. A rectangular opening was hewn in this wall; only its upper part was exposed, and it led into a cavity that extended southward. It seems that W3, which was well built, rose above the hewn façade; it may have served as a nefesh. A second wall (W2) ran to the west of W3 and parallel to it, but only the rock-cutting’s negative was preserved. It thus seems that that the burial complex included a stepped entranceway, a courtyard and a burial cave. The excavation in this part of the area was halted due to ultra-Orthodox opposition.
A plaster floor (L109; Fig. 17) was preserved in the southern part of the area. It was founded on a bedding of stones and earth and delimited by three walls (W2 in the west, W3 in the east and W1 in the south), whose outer faces were plastered. Two later walls (W4, W5) were discerned above W1 and the plaster floor.
It is unclear if the remains in the three parts of the area were associated: the plastered installation in the east, the courtyard and the cave in the center and the remains of a plaster floor in the south.
Area 4 yielded A cupmark (L115; Figs. 18, 19) hewn in a bedrock outcrop.
Area 5. The area was cleaned, exposing a hewn square (L105; Fig. 19) and a plastered rock-hewn pit to its east (Fig. 20). The work in this area was not completed.
. A courtyard of a burial cave and steps leading into it, which were previously documented (Dagan 2010
:248, Site 309.3), were cleared and measured (Fig. 21).
The excavation unearthed agricultural installations, several rock cuttings and a burial complex surrounded by walls. The remains could not be attribute to any particular period, as no datable finds were discovered.