The area was excavated to a maximum depth of 1.7 m, exposing hard, fractured limestone outcrops overlain with firm clay soil (Fig. 2). Several flint artifacts produced using Levallois technique (Fig. 3), characteristic of the Middle Paleolithic period (250,000–45,000 YBP), were discovered on the bedrock surface. These flint items are extremely abraded, and it therefore seems that they were not produced at the site but eroded here.
The excavation area was apparently located outside of ancient ʽIllut, on the fringes of an extensive area of hard, fractured limestone bedrock, used as a raw material in the production of flint tools in the Middle Paleolithic period. Parts of this limestone bedrock were also discovered in the excavations northeast of the current area.