A Rectangular Rock-Hewn Cist Grave (L3; 0.6 × 1.6 m, 1.6 m deep; Figs. 3, 4) aligned on a northwest–southeast axis was found to contain loose pinkish white soil. A niche (L4; 0.3 × 2.0 m, 0.4 deep) cut in the lower part of the northern wall yielded a layer of soil (0.1 m thick) overlain with bones that included shin and thigh bones, a knuckle, and a skull fragment, suggesting that a single individual was interred in the grave; the niche was sealed with stone slabs. Potsherds recovered from the burial were non-diagnostic, except for a jar rim dated to the Hellenistic–Early Roman periods (second century BCE – first century CE; not drawn).
Similar cist graves have been dated in the past to the Late Roman period (at the northern necropolis of Jerusalem; third–fourth centuries; Avni 1997
:33, Type 3.1), to the Early Roman period (Qumran) and to period between the late First Temple period and the Bar Kokhba Revolt (Beit S
afafa; Gorzalczany 2011
A Field Wall (W22; 20 m long, 0.9 m wide, max. height 0.7 m; Figs. 5–7) was built of two courses of variously sized fieldstones, some of them dressed, with small fieldstones in between. Part of the wall was built on the bedrock and part on the terra-rossa soil that extends across the slope. Alluvial soil (L23) lies to the north of the wall; to its south was the bedrock covered by terra-rossa soil (L24).
Two Cupmarks (L1—diam, 0.3 m, depth 0.2 m [Fig. 8]; L6—diam. 0.5 m, depth 0.2 m).
Ten Rectangular Rock-Cuttings in the west of the excavation area (L7–L11, L13, L14, L17, L19, L21; average dimensions 0.4 × 1.3 m, 0.3 m deep; Fig. 9) contained accumulations of terra-rossa soil.
The hewn installations exposed in the excavation were difficult to date in the absence of finds. The cist grave was used during the Roman period and attests to a nearby settlement at that time. The cupmarks may be associated with the numerous cupmarks dated to the Bronze Age, discovered to the north, at ‘Atarot Airport; if so, the boundaries of the ‘Atarot Airport site extend southward. The rectangular rock-cuttings are probably the result of ad-hoc quarrying of stones for local buildings.