The excavation was conducted in four areas dispersed across the spur (A–D; Fig. 2), where remains of a field tower, walls and rock cuttings were uncovered. An agricultural terrace with a long retaining wall (W107) encompasses the spur to the south and the west over several hundred meters.
Area A, at the highest point of the spur, yielded the remains of a small field tower (2.4 × 2.7 m). Its walls (W100–W103; Figs. 3, 4) were built of large, flat upstanding limestone slabs positioned on the leveled rock surface. An opening (0.5 m wide) was identified in W102. Two flat rectangular stones found beside W100 may have been used as a bench.
Area B. On the western side of the spur, an area was excavated between W107 and a parallel wall to its southwest (W108; Figs. 5, 6). Next to W107 and on a lower level, was a wall (W110) that may be the remains of an ancient terrace. Another wall (W111) connected W108 with W110. There may possibly have been an additional parallel wall to the north of W111 that connected W108 with W110. The area enclosed by the three walls (L109) was filled with stones of various sizes; they were probably cleared from agricultural areas farther up the spur.
Area C. A bedrock surface (L113; Fig. 7) was examined between Area A and Area B, where signs of quarrying were identified at two points in a rock step (max. height 0.45 m). The quarried stones may have been used for building in the immediate vicinity.
Area D. A half-square was excavated in the southeast part of the spur in an attempt to uncover a wall (W115; Fig. 8) that may have abutted W107. Since the estimated meeting point between the two walls was damaged, this could not be verified. A few non-diagnostic potsherds were retrieved from the soil fills.
The excavation at Har ‘Amasa uncovered remains linked to agricultural activity. A long agricultural terrace around the spur was documented, as were additional adjacent walls. Remains were unearthed of a small field tower that was probably used to protect the farmland. The buildings and walls were all built of local stones that were probably quarried nearby, perhaps in the quarry in Area C. Since no diagnostic finds were recovered, it is not possible to date the remains. Nevertheless, these agricultural features were presumably associated with one of the ancient settlements in the area, and therefore date from one or more of the settlement periods represented at these sites. The closest settlements to the excavation area are Tel Qerayot (Kerioth; 2.4 km to the east), settled in the Roman, Byzantine and Early Islamic periods (Derfler 2003
), and H
orbat ‘Anim (2.9 km to the west), inhabited mainly during Iron Age II and the Roman, Byzantine and Late Islamic periods (Amit 2003
:114–116). The land may also have belonged to one of the nearby farmsteads (Baumgarten and Silberklang 2015)