Winepress (Figs. 2–4).A hewn winepress was unearthed on a large slanting block of detached bedrock. It comprised a square pit (L101; 0.7 × 0.7 m, depth 0.35 m), probably for a pressing installation that was not preserved, which was connected to a partially destroyed rectangular collecting vat (L102; 0.8 × 1.8 m, depth 1.2 m) via a rock-hewn channel (length 1.2 m, width 0.15 m, depth 0.35 m; Fig. 3). Two steps were hewn in the east wall of the vat, and a round, rock-hewn sump (diam. 0.3 m, depth c. 0.15 m; Fig. 4) was hewn in its southwest corner. No diagnostic finds were retrieved.
Extracting Installation (Figs. 2, 5). A hewn installation, set in a north–south axis, was unearthed on a small rock surface. It included a round pit (L201; diam. 0.6 m, depth 0.2 m) connected to a rectangular collecting vat (L202; 0.7 × 1.2 m, depth 0.35 m) via a short, shallow channel (length 0.15 m, width 5 cm). A round sump (diam. 0.3 m, depth c. 0.15 m) was hewn in the western part the collecting vat. No diagnostic finds were retrieved. The installation’s function remains unclear, but it was evidently used to extract liquids (a winepress? an oil press?).
Pool (Fig. 6). A rectangular pool (c. 15 × 30 m, depth 2–3 m) discovered in a natural hollow running down the slope was enclosed on its northern end by a wall built of large and medium-sized fieldstones and on its southern end by an earthen embankment. A section (2 × 5 m, max. depth 1.2 m) was dug through the southern embankment, showing that it had sloped on both sides (Fig. 7) and comprised two layers (each 0.5 m thick): an upper layer of brown soil, and a lower layer made of a mixture of gray soil and marl. No diagnostic finds were retrieved.
Similar seasonal pools are known in the vicinity of ancient villages, but the location of this pool, far from the village, is unusual. At a later stage, probably during the late Ottoman period, two parallel agricultural terraces were built across the pool, and the area was converted into land for traditional farming.
The winepress and the pressing installation were evidently part of an agricultural area in the Roman and Byzantine periods. The archaeological remains should probably be attributed to the larger site of el-Berweh.