During August 2005, a salvage excavation was conducted at Khirbat Beit ‘Anava on the northern bank of Nahal ‘Anava (Permit No. A-4563; map ref. 19453–4/64525–7; Fig. 1), prior to the construction of a railroad track. The excavation, undertaken on behalf of the Israel Antiquities Authority and underwritten by the Israel Railway Authority, was directed by Y. Elisha, with the assistance of E. Bachar (administration), V. Pirsky (surveying), T. Sagiv (field photography) and N. Zak (drafting).
A winepress, covered with soil and partially damaged by development work, was excavated on a hill, where a settlement from Middle Bronze Age II had previously been exposed (Permit Nos. A-4334, A-4456).
The winepress consisted of a treading floor (L10; 2.25×2.30 m, depth 0.63 m), which was drained via a short channel into a collecting vat (L11; 0.7×1.2 m, depth 0.89 m) that had a sump in its floor. A cupmark located south of the collecting vat was connected to it by way of a shallow channel.
The winepress yielded no datable potsherds. Installations, a pit and natural cavities in bedrock were exposed c. 150 m west of the winepress (HA-ESI 120) and finds from the Second Temple and the Byzantine periods (Permit No. A-4203) were uncovered c. 500 m west of the winepress.