Site 50 (27 in previous survey). A large cave opening (1.84 x 3.20 m; Fig. 6) facing east, toward the stream, was visible on the lower part of the slope. The cave (4.6 x 6.2 m, height 2.55 m; Figs. 7, 8), which was used as a dwelling by shepherds in recent generations, had been hewn in nari and qirton in three stages (A–C). A narrow passage (width 0.65 m) led to Cavity A, which was excavated to the bedrock floor; a few potsherds from the Ottoman period and a modern coin were found. Two steps (width 0.42 m, height 0.28 m; width 0.68 m, height 0.25 m), which first may have been used as a bench, led up to Cavity B (1.65 x 2.80 m) in the west. Cavity C (0.86 x 1.20 m, height 1.2 m) was hewn west of Cavity B and found empty. A square (3 x 3 m, depth 0.25 m; Fig. 9) located outside the cave’s opening was excavated down to bedrock and a few potsherds from the Roman and Ottoman periods were found. A hewn step that may be a bench was exposed outside the cave, to the south.
Site 51. A depression in the surface and a rectangular rock-cutting on the bedrock cliff to the west of it (Fig. 10) could be seen on the slope, at the edge of a farming terrace. The excavation ascertained that a karstic or hewn cavity (0.85 x 1.20 m) whose ceiling had collapsed was probably there. A rectangular rock-cutting (0.62 x 1.25 m), hewn in a bedrock outcrop, possibly marking a non-active quarry, was located west of the depression.
Site 52. On the upper part of the slope was a cave opening that faced southeast, in front of which was a large accumulation of red soil, probably evidence of an illicit dig (Fig. 11). The accumulation contained a few potsherds that included fragments of a cooking pot and a jar from the Roman period and large fragments of jars and a jug handle from the Byzantine period. A corridor (length 1.2 m, width 1 m) led to the interior of the cave (3.5 x 5.4 m, height 2.38 m), which was devoid of debris. Two niches (0.37 x 0.47 m, depth 0.27 m), 0.33 m apart, were hewn in the northwestern side, 0.75 m above the floor. The cave was apparently not used for burial.
Site 53. A cave opening (Fig. 12) was visible northeast of Site 52. In front of it was excavation debris that included jar fragments from the Byzantine period. Due to the collapse of the ceiling the rear part of the cave could not be entered and was not excavated. A small niche (1.2 x 1.4 m, height 0.85 m) that contained remains of a mat and a black ‘Gaza’ jar was next to the cave.
Site 54 (23 in previous survey). On the upper part of the slope was a cave whose opening faced east. The cave (c. 1.6 x 2.0 m) was blocked with debris and had been plundered in the past. Below a layer of soil that the robbers had removed in the cave opening were a few potsherds from Iron Age II, including a fragment of a burnished bowl, a cooking pot fragment and body fragments, and from the Late Roman period; they were apparently swept over from the tell.
Site 55. A hewn rectangular niche (0.26 x 0.40 m, height 0.5 m; Fig. 13) was located in the north, among the pine trees.
Site 56. Two cave openings that were blocked with soil and faced east were documented on top of the slope. A curved wall built of fieldstones, some of which were haphazardly dressed (Figs. 14, 15), was erected around the northern opening. The other opening, 12 m to the south, had been made wider by quarrying, and a hewn niche (0.4 m above the floor) was found.
Site 57 (24 in previous survey). An opening of a hewn cave (1.5 x 2.0 m), with a pile of grayish black debris in its front (diam. c. 4 m; Fig. 16), was visible on the upper part of the slope. The sides of the cave were black from soot and burnt limestone was on its floor. A ventilation opening was hewn in recent years in the western side of the cave, which according to the villagers was used as a charcoal kiln.
Site 58. A quarry (1.17 x 2.55 m; Fig. 17) was visible on a bedrock outcrop on the northern part of the slope. It consisted of an upper step (width 0.3 m, height 0.36 m) and a lower one (width 0.87 m, height 0.2 m), which bore the negatives of extracted stones.
Site 59. Remains of a watchman’s hut were documented (3 x 3 m, preserved height c. 1 m; Fig. 18) at the top of the slope. The building stones included some dressed ones and three stones had drafted margins (0.30 x 0.44 x 0.72 m).
Site 60 (25 in previous survey). Installations used in processing agricultural produce were found hewn on several isolated boulders on the upper part of the slope that faced northeast. Two round basins (diam. 0.35 m, depth 0.22 m) and an elliptical basin (0.30 x 0.47 m, depth 0.47 m) were hewn on the southern rock and to the east was a hewn channel (length 0.55 m, depth 0.14 m) that led to a low step in the bedrock (Fig. 19); it seems that the installation was used as a bodeda for extracting olive oil. Two cupmarks (diam. 0.28 m, depth 0.18 m) were hewn north of the basins. To the west were two other rock-cut basins (diam. 0.37 m, depth 0.17 m) and the negatives of rock-cuttings (1.8 x 2.4 m; Fig. 20) were visible to the east. Potsherds from Iron Age II and the Byzantine period were found around the installations.
Site 61 (20 in previous survey). A section of a drainage channel (length 2.8 m, width 0.5 m, depth 0.62 m; Figs. 21, 22) was exposed on the upper part of the slope. It was built of different size fieldstones and dressed stones and was meant to convey the excess runoff from the slope and also serve as a border between cultivation plots. A section of the channel that was built of large fieldstones with smaller fieldstones in-between was uncovered on a farming terrace. A section of another channel (length 3.74 m) was visible in the west. It seems that the channel was covered with large stone slabs, whose fragments were found in the collapse.
Site 62 (22 in previous survey). A square opening (0.7 x 0.8 m; Fig. 23) of an elegantly hewn burial cave (2.26 ´ 2.94 m, height 0.92 m) was visible at the foot of a bedrock outcrop on the slope. On the northern side were the remains of later haphazardly hewn rock-cuttings. The floor of the cave was covered with debris (thickness 0.44 m). A few fragments of pottery vessels from the Late Roman period and a wall (height 1 m) whose construction incorporated dressed stones, were found in front of the cave’s opening. The inside of the cave was not excavated and appeared to have been plundered many years ago.
Site 63. A trench was excavated down to the level of the bedrock across two farming terraces (length 10.52 m, width 1 m; Fig 24) on a steep slope in an olive grove. Layers of garden soil (depth 0.6–0.7 m) that was probably brought from the bottom of the valley were discerned in the two terraces. A few fragments of pottery vessels from the Byzantine period were found on the eastern terrace.
Sites 64-67, 70 and 71. Probe trenches were opened on the farming terraces and potsherds that dated to Iron Age II and the Early and Late Roman, Byzantine and Mamluk periods were found, as well as flint flakes.
Site 68. Two cave openings on a bedrock outcrop that descends toward Nahal Refa’im were cleaned and it turned out that they were natural.
Site 69. A basin (diam. 0.46 m, depth 0.22 m; Fig. 25), two cupmarks (diam. 0.2 m, depth 0.16 m) and an elliptical basin (0.26 x 0.60 m, depth 0.32 m) were hewn on a bedrock outcrop (0.88 ´ 1.44 m).
Site 72 (19 in previous survey). A cave opening that faced east. The roof of the cave was partially collapsed and it was not excavated due to the possibility of further collapse. The cave was mostly blocked and according to one of the villagers, the collapse occurred fifty years ago. It seems that this was a natural cave, used as a dwelling by shepherds.
Site 73. Deposits of flint nodules (Fig. 26) that may have been a source of raw material in ancient times were visible on a bedrock outcrop (L. Grosman and N. Goren-Inbar 2007. "Taming" Rocks and Changing Landscapes: A New Interpretation of Neolithic Cupmarks. Current Anthropology 48/5:732–740). A few flint artifacts that cannot be dated were collected.
The excavation exposed part of the agricultural complex on the edge of the ancient settlement and demonstrated that the farming terraces are the product of many generations of hard work that has continued until the present. The documented burial caves were dated to the periods that are represented on the tell and it seems that they are part of a large cemetery, whose continuation lies atop the slope.