In November 2014, a salvage excavation was conducted at Horbat Hidot (Permit No. A-7251; map ref. 195644–55/711545–57), prior to the installation of an electric pole. The excavation, undertaken on behalf of the Israel Antiquities Authority and financed by the Israel Electricity Company, was directed by E. Oren (field photography), with the assistance of Y. Amrani and E. Bachar (administration), R. Mishayev and R. Liran (surveying and drafting), P. Gendelman (pottery reading), A. Oshri (preparation of the excavation area) and M. Shuiskaya (pottery drawing) .
Four squares (64 sq m; Fig. 2) were excavated, and remains of walls, floors and an oil press were discovered. The remains were apparently part of a nineteenth century farmhouse, which integrated remains from a nearby Byzantine settlement with a bathhouse .
In the northwestern square remains of a wall (W114; height 0.2 m), which preserved one course carelessly built of fieldstones of various sizes, were exposed. A floor foundation (L127; Fig. 3) constructed of medium-size fieldstones, some of them retaining remains of plaster, abutted the wall from the south.
A thick floor (L110; Fig. 4), made of several layers of gray plaster which incorporated body fragments of pottery from the Byzantine period, was exposed in the southwestern square. The floor foundation (L125; Fig. 5) was set on the bedrock, and was constructed of fieldstones and ashlars, some of them extremely large.
In the northeastern square, two parallel walls (W121, W123; Fig. 6), preserved to a height of one course, were revealed. Wall 123 (length 1.7 m) was built of two rows of well-dressed ashlars (average dimensions 0.3 × 0.7 m) and W121 was built of one row of large ashlars (average dimensions 0.4 × 0.8 m). The foundation (L139) of a plaster floor (L124) abutted the walls from the south. It was constructed of ashlars and large fieldstones, and pottery sherds from the Byzantine period were found on it, among them fragments of bag-shaped jars (Fig. 7:1–3), an amphora (Fig. 7:4) and roof tiles (Fig. 7:5).
In the southeastern square, a large elliptical stone (L104; 0.4 × 0.8 m; Fig. 8) with a groove in its center was exposed, probably the crushing basin of an oil press. A floor (L111) made of ceramic bricks of various sizes adjoined the stone from the northwest and the east. The bricks were probably taken from the remains of an ancient bathhouse which was dismantled, and the ceramic bricks of the hypocaust were used to pave the surface on which an animal turned the crushing stone. Parts of colonnettes were incorporated between the ceramic bricks, and remains of tesserae could be discerned on several of them. Sherds dating to the Ottoman period were found above the floor, including fragments of a glazed bowl (Fig. 7:6) and roof tiles (Fig. 7:7). South of the floor was a thick, light-gray plaster floor (L136), which abutted the remains of a wall (W137) built of medium size fieldstones. The wall extended into the southern balk of the square.