The excavation focused on three locations (A–C; Fig. 2), where installations related to wine-production were exposed: a complex winepress, a pressing installation, rock-hewn cupmarks and a pit.
Winepress A was a complex installation hewn in the limestone bedrock. In its western part was the central, square treading floor (L100; Figs. 3, 4), with sides only partially preserved (height 0.05–0.50 m). In the center of the treading floor was an oblong pit for securing a screw (L108). Inside the pit was a large, worked rectangular stone that may have been a weight for the secondary pressing of the grapes or the base for the screw. The treading floor sloped gently south toward a shallow rectangular filtration vat (L107; 0.55 × 0.70 m, depth 0.2 m). In the northern part of the treading floor was an irregularly shaped pit that may have been used to collect the crushed grape skins (L110). Two hewn pipes conveyed the must from the filtration vat to two hewn collecting vats (L101, L102) with settling pits paved with white industrial mosaics. Vat 102 was rectangular (1.9 × 2.4 m, depth 1.9 m; Fig. 5), its northeastern corner slightly curved. The vat was paved with a plain geometric mosaic, in which several red and green tesserae were integrated. Remains of cast construction (plaster, mortar, sherds and small stones) were identified on its northern side, indicating that in the past the walls of the vat were plastered. Vat 101 was rectangular (1.6 × 1.7 m, depth 1.5 m) with scant remains of cast construction at the bottom of its sides. The soil accumulation in the collecting vats contained several fragments of discarded or washed cattle bones. Remains of two ancillary treading floors (L103, L104) were exposed east of the main floor. Floor 103, with a small shallow settling pit hewn in its northwestern corner, conveyed the liquid to Collecting Vat 102 and Floor 104 probably conveyed the must to a circular vat (L105). Northwest of the floor was an irregularly shaped pit (L109), apparently used for collecting the pressed grape skins. Two small depressions (L106; diameter 0.15 m) exposed west of the main treading floor, near its southwest and northwest corners, probably served as column bases to support a roof above the main treading floor or for some other purpose, such as washing feet or preparing raw materials and ingredients that were added to the wine.
Installation B, exposed some 20 m west of the winepress, on a limestone rock step, was probably used for crushing spices, filtration and extracting liquids. The upper level of the bedrock was leveled and remains of a rectangular treading floor (L122; Figs. 6, 7) were observed in its eastern part. The rock sides around the treading floor barely survived due to the natural erosion of the bedrock. The floor sloped gently to the south and conveyed the liquid to an irregular-shaped collecting vat (L112). The southern side of the vat did not survive, but it seems to have had a funnel that conveyed the liquid from the vat to a lower bedrock step containing a hewn semi-cylindrical vat (L111). The bottom of the vat was concave with a shallow central depression. The bedrock step was delimited on the south by hewn, low curved wall. A cupmark (L113) with a depression in its floor was hewn between the treading floor, and two cupmarks were hewn the vat and north of the treading floor were. The northeastern cupmark (L114) was conical and was probably used for crushing and the northwestern cupmark (L115) was shallow and barrel-like. They apparently were used for gathering the grape remnants or for storing or crushing materials and spices, for example ingredients added to wine. Another irregularly shaped vat (L117) was partly unearthed west of the treading floor and the collecting vat. The northern part of Vat 117 was connected via a narrow channel or fissure in the bedrock to a round, hewn vat (L119); only its walls were exposed. The southern part of vat 117 opened into a narrow crevice that descended to a lower, unexcavated level (L116). East of Vat 111 was a hewn, conical vat (L123), whose southern side did not survive. The rock-hewn vats on the southern bedrock step (L111, L116, L120, L123) probably for collecting the product in jars or extracting liquids in the sun.
Pit C, located between the winepress and the installation, was partly excavated. The pit was elliptical in shape (L121; Figs. 2, 8), its edge damaged by mechanical equipment and the natural erosion of the bedrock. The pit opened into an inner cavity (1 m west) extending to its west, which was partly excavated, and a gutter-like feature was exposed on its eastern side. The pit was probably used for collecting and storing rainwater.
A relatively scant amount of pottery was collected, mostly in the winepress collecting vats. These included fragments of Cypriot Red Slip bowls (Fig. 9:1–3) and a rim fragment of a Syrian mortarium (Fig. 9:4) dating to the Byzantine period (late fifth–seventh century CE). Body fragments belonging to amphorae (not illustrated) and coastal and Galilean bag-shaped jars were also found.