A wall foundation (W1; Fig. 2), aligned north–south, was exposed west of the railroad tracks. The foundation was preserved two courses high (9 cm) and was built of small and medium kurkar fieldstones in dry construction. The meager ceramic finds in the square included a cooking pot (Fig. 3:1) and a jar (Fig. 3:2), dating to the Byzantine period.
The foundation of a modern building that was probably the village school from the time of the British Mandate (R. Chen, per. comm.) penetrated down into the ancient remains (Fig. 4) and was exposed east of the railroad tracks.
A plaster floor (L108; thickness c. 1 cm) of white chalk was exposed in Square 1. The floor was found in an extremely fragmented state; it was placed on the soil without a foundation. The finds on the floor included a cooking krater (Fig. 3:3), and jars (Fig. 3:4, 5) that date the floor to the Byzantine period.
Square 2 yielded no ancient artifacts.
A wall section (W2) surrounded by a floor (L103) was exposed in Square 3. Only a single course (height c. 0.25 m) of large fieldstones in dry construction survived of W2, whereas its foundation was built of small fieldstones to a depth of three courses (depth c. 0.25 m). Floor 103 was composed of tamped soil combined with small segments of crushed clay. Several fragments of cooking pots (Fig. 3:6) and jars (Fig. 3: 7, 8) that date to the Byzantine period were found in excavating the depth of the wall’s foundation.
Round levels of red hamra mixed with fragments of mud bricks (L104, L105, L113, L114) were exposed in Squares 4–7; these were placed on soil devoid of finds (L109). The levels surrounded circular pits. Only their western half was exposed because their eastern half was beyond the excavation’s limits. One pit (L106; Fig. 5), probably a refuse pit, was excavated and found to contain light gray soil fill and numerous fragments of pottery vessels that were intentionally discarded into it. The potsherds were dated to the Byzantine period and mostly included fragments of bowls (Fig. 3:9), cooking kraters (Fig. 3:10), cooking pots (Fig. 3:11), holemouth jars (Fig. 3:12) jars (Fig. 3:13, 14), terracotta pipes (Fig. 3:15) and lids (Fig. 3:16, 17).
The location of the eastern excavation area, next to a region where remains of a pottery workshop, including kilns and production debris, had previously been excavated, indicates this was part of the ancient settlement’s industrial region, and might even have been part of the same pottery workshop. The poor preservation of the remains, primarily because of damage caused by the foundations of the Mandatory schoolhouse, hampered our attempts to obtain a comprehensible picture of the complex, and the connections between the uncovered components are unclear.