Mechanical equipment was used to remove a layer of modern refuse mixed with sand (L101; thickness 0.5–1.0 m) that was spread out in all three squares. Below Layer 101 in Square A2 was dark gray soil that contained a large amount of potsherds (L103; thickness c. 0.3–0.5 m; Figs. 2, 3). A similar layer was discovered in Squares A1 and A3 (Fig. 4). The potsherds comprised mostly Late Roman D (Fig. 5:1) and C-type bowls (Fig. 5:2), rims of baggy-shaped jars (Fig. 5:3) and rims of Gaza-type jars (Fig. 5:4, 5). Below Layer 103 was a sterile layer of dark soil (L104; thickness c. 0.7–0.8 m) and a layer of sand (L110; thickness c. 0.4–0.5 m) that covered the ground water layer.
A layer that dated to the end of the sixth–beginning of the seventh centuries CE and yielded large amounts of ceramics was exposed in the three squares. This layer attests to a habitation level from the Byzantine period, although no architectural remains ascribed to this period were discovered.