During February 2001 a salvage excavation was conducted at the Shoqet Junction (Permit No. A-3372*; map ref. NIG 19035–65/57915–45; OIG 14035–65/07915–45) after the site was damaged when a cable television line was being laid. The excavation, on behalf of the Antiquities Authority, was directed by Y. Baumgarten, with the assistance of H. Lavi (administration), V. Essman and V. Pirsky (surveying), S. Lavi (pottery restoration) and A. Dudin (pottery drawing).
The site is located on a hill, at the top of which a building, dating to the Chalcolithic period, had been excavated in the past (ESI 7–8:173). Two excavation squares were opened along the fringes of the site, lower down the hill, c. 25 m southeast of the previous excavation (Fig. 1). Several refuse pits that had cut through each other were discovered (L104 cuts L107, L103 cuts L102; Fig. 2). One of the pits (L105) had a bell-shaped cross-section and was probably used as a storage space. Large quantities of potsherds from the Chalcolithic period were discovered in the pits (Fig. 3). The vessel types were similar to those discovered in the vicinity of the building at the hilltop and included V-shaped bowls (Fig. 3:1, 2), kraters (Fig. 3:3–6), holemouth jars (Fig. 3:7, 8), a jar (Fig. 3:9), a churn (Fig. 3:10), a lug handle (Fig. 3:11) and a ceramic ring, used as a stand for an upright vessel (Fig. 3:12), as well as a flint sickle blade (Fig. 3:13). The site belonged to a group of small sites, such as Horbat Hur, Nahal Ashan and Nevatim, which were established along the fringes of the Be’er Sheva‘ Valley and on the outskirts of large sites, such as Be’er Safad, Horbat Betar, Be’er Matar and Tel Sheva‘. Based on the finds, the residents of the site subsisted on agriculture.