Area A (Fig. 3)
Circular Installations. An installation (L10; Fig. 4) was built on a bedrock outcrop at the northwestern end of the area. It consisted of two walls (W1000, W1001), built of fieldstones of various sizes bonded in several places with soil and small stones; the walls were preserved to a height of one course. The walls did not connect to form a complete circle, leaving gaps at their ends. These gaps may have served as the installation’s openings, although it is possible that the two walls were originally part of one, continuous wall, from which some of the stones were removed. No ceramic finds were discovered in the installation. On a bedrock surface east of Installation 10 was another circular installation (L30; Fig. 5), comprising one wall (W1003) built of fieldstones of various sizes preserved to a height of one course. The construction of the walls in both installations was similar. It is therefore possible they were used for the same purpose.
Field Wall (W1002; Fig. 6). The field wall, aligned in a northwest–southeast direction and built of fieldstones of various sizes, was discovered south of the circular installations. The stones in its western part were larger than those in its eastern part. Smaller stones were places in the large gaps between the stones.
Rock-hewn Winepress (Fig. 7). A rock-cut winepress that included a square, shallow treading floor (L11) and a small rectangular collecting vat (L26) was discovered south of the field wall; the walls of the treading floor were damaged. The collecting vat was exposed prior to the excavation; its floor had sustained damage, probably from tree roots. There was no evidence that the vat was plastered. Three little rock-cut depressions (L24, L35, L36), the smallest of which was circular, were discovered around the winepress. They may have held jars when the winepress in operation, or possibly served as post holes for supporting a thatched roof that covered the winepress. An installation (Fig. 8), probably a bodeda, was hewn in the northern part of the treading floor. It included a shallow depression (L18) that drained into a small, elliptical depression (L19) to its northeast. This installation and the treading floor may have been used alternately, in different seasons (Fig. 8). A large, square rock-cutting (L17; Fig. 9) in the treading floor suggests that once wine was no longer produced there, the treading floor was converted into a quarry.
Area B (Fig. 10)
Hewn Basin (L44). A medium-sized basin was hewn in a bedrock surface; the date and purpose of the basin could not be determined.
Area C (Fig. 11)
. Two adjacent rock-hewn winepresses were exposed c. 40 m east of Basin 44. The northern one included a square treading floor (L13; Fig. 12) and a rectangular collecting vat (L12). A small, round cupmark (L14) was hewn at the center of the treading floor. The collecting vat was not plastered, and its floor was damaged as a result of vegetation that sprouted up within it. A large, elliptical cupmark (L15) was hewn just to the southwest of the treading floor. Slightly west of this winepress, another installation was hewn in a natural bedrock outcrop; it included a surface (L20), an irregularly shaped basin (L28) and a channel that led to the basin from the west. Y. Dagan suggested that this installation was used to store grapes prior to treading them in the winepress (Dagan 2010
:148, Site 185).
The southern winepress included a square, shallow treading floor (L47; Fig. 13) and a rectangular collecting vat (L21), which are connected by a poorly preserved channel. Both the treading floor and the floor of the collecting vat were damaged. The walls of the collecting vat were plastered, and a step was hewn in its southern wall. A curved wall (W1004) built of two rows of roughly hewn stones was exposed to the north and east of the collecting vat, on the same bedrock surface; it was preserved to a maximum height of one course.
. The dolmen, previously documented in a comprehensive survey of the region (Dagan 2010
:148, Site 185), consisted of two large stones that served as walls (W1005, W1006; Fig. 14) topped by an enormous boulder (W1007). It was discovered on top of the western wall of the treading floor of the southern winepress. Since it probably postdates the winepress, its use may have differed from similar ancient dolmens, many of which were discovered in the Golan Heights.
Area D (Fig. 15)
Rock-hewn Cistern (L33). A bell-shaped, rock-hewn cistern was discovered south of the winepresses. The cistern’s opening was round (Fig. 16) and its walls were plastered. The cistern was filled with alluvium, vegetation and modern refuse. It was not fully excavated due to safety considerations. The excavation in the cistern yielded only a meager amount of pottery, which was insufficient to determine when the installation was in use.