Stratum V. The remains of this stratum consisted of a portion of a stone wall (W212) and an associated beaten-earth surface founded upon sterile marl (Fig. 3). The presence of late EB I northern pottery types on the surface along with several platter-like sherds posit the date of this stratum to a very late stage of northern EB IB.
Stratum IV. This stratum is dated to EB II. The partial remains of a new structure of unclear plan that cut deeply into the Stratum V remains, often removing them altogether, were revealed. Adjacent to one of the walls of this structure (W215) and partially overriding a Stratum V wall was a complete Metallic Ware platter typical of EB II (Fig. 4). The walls associated to this stratum were mostly built of mud bricks and lacked stone foundations.
Stratum III. This occupation phase was poorly preserved in most of the excavation area, probably due to intrusive activities during Stratum II, which appear to have cleared away much of Stratum III’s architecture, and later, large-scale intrusions in the eastern portion of the excavation area. The presence of a small amount of Khirbet Kerak Ware, which first appears within the Stratum III loci, suggest a date in EB III.
Stratum II. Remains of Stratum II were identified throughout the excavation area; in some areas, two successive stratigraphic phases (Strata IIB–IIA) could be discerned. Some of the Stratum III walls apparently continued in use into Stratum II and several complete pottery vessels (Figs. 5, 6) were found on the Stratum II surfaces. In the southeastern portion of the excavated area was a portion of a building complex (W206, W201/210) positioned directly upon previous remains from Strata IV–III. To the west of this building was another building complex, separated from the former by a narrow alleyway that apparently opened out into a large open area to the north. Within this second building complex and at the southwestern edge of the excavation area, a few walls were exposed that may delineate a portion of a room with an entranceway that opened into another open area. Several smashed and complete ceramic vessels were recovered, among them ‘Abydos’-type jugs and juglets (Fig. 7). Loci of this stratum also yielded a small number of Khirbet Kerak Ware sherds, suggesting a date in EB III.
Stratum I. Remains of the final settlement phase were identified only in the western portion of the excavated area. Any possible remains in the eastern portion appear to have been removed by the large latter-day disturbance mentioned earlier. During Stratum I, the western portion appears to have been primarily an open area that apparently recognized part of the earlier Stratum II architecture, using the tops of the Stratum II walls as paving stones. Within this open area were found several crushed and complete ceramic vessels, including two ‘Abydos’- type jugs (Figs. 8, 9).
The stratigraphic profile revealed from excavation in this part of Tel Bet Yerah indicates an initial settlement in the very late EB I (Stratum V), followed immediately by an occupation during EB II (Stratum IV) and intensive occupation during EB III (Strata III–I). The direct superimposition of all strata, one atop the other, often reusing portions of previous architectural elements, suggests only a minimal hiatus between these occupations, and nearly continuous habitation from the very end of EB I into EB III.
The limited architectural evidence in all five strata shows that this area was used primarily for domestic purposes. This conclusion is upheld by initial field observations of large numbers of holemouth jars, found throughout most of the excavated loci that were presumably used as cooking pots. Further initial observations of the Strata III–I pottery suggest an early date within the EB III horizon, based on the presence of several complete vessels typical of EB II, on surfaces from EB III, where a small amount of Khirbet Kerak Ware was also found.
The lack of any stratified remains from the Hellenistic or later periods indicates that this part of the site was abandoned during EB III and resettled only in the twentieth century CE.