Phase 1. The walls of the rectangular room (W202, W203) were built of roughly hewn stones. Two openings led into the room, one fixed in W202 on the southeastern side and the other, in the southwestern wall. The floor of the room had been damaged during the renovation of the house prior to the excavation. Pottery sherds ascribed to the Ottoman period were discovered in the foundation of W203 (L107).
Phase 2. Below the walls of the room from Phase 1 were remains of an earlier room, its northeastern side partly hewn in the bedrock (W205–W207) and its southwestern part (W204) stone-built. Wall 204 was constructed of well-dressed medium-sized ashlars and was preserved to a maximum height of two courses. It apparently delineated the room from the southeast; the room’s southwestern boundary was not discovered. Walls 207 and 204 were incorporated in W202 of Phase 1, and W205 was incorporated in W203 of Phase 1. The entrance to the room was in rock-hewn W206, which was discovered blocked with stones. In the northeastern part of the room was a rock-cut floor (L102), in which two adjacent rectangular rock-hewn installations (L103, L104) were exposed. The foundation of Phase 1 W203 was built inside Installation 104. Floor 102 was delimited on the southwest by hewn vertical bedrock, attributed to an earlier phase (below). A plaster floor (L101) that abutted the northeastern side of Floor 102 and W204 in the southeast (Fig. 5) was discovered in the southern part of the room. The northwestern part of Floor 101 was destroyed during the construction of W203 of Phase 1.
A probe (L109) excavated below Floor 101 exposed the foundation of W204, which was built of small and medium-sized stones (Fig. 6), as well as a stone heap (W201) whose upper portion was constructed of large fieldstones and its lower portion—of small and medium-sized fieldstones. The foundation of Phase 1 W203 was constructed on the northern part of the stone heap. A probe (depth 1.3 m) of the heap was halted due to safety constraints and did not reach the bedrock; no diagnostic sherds were recovered. The exact nature of the stone heap is unclear. It may have been fill meant to level the area prior to the construction of the Byzantine-period building.
Fragments of pottery vessels dating from the mid-fifth to the mid-sixth centuries CE were discovered below the level of Floor 101 (L105, L109), including imported ARS bowls (Fig. 7:1, 2) and LRC bowls (Fig. 7:3), locally produced bowls (Fig. 7:4–8), a fragment of an amphora deriving from North Africa (Fig. 7:9) and a local jug (Fig. 7:10).
Phase 3. The vertical bedrock wall (depth 1.7 m), extending the entire depth of the section, was discovered in the probe beneath Floor 103 of Phase 2. The extent of this rock-cutting, its use and date, are unclear.
The building’s construction style, plan and the location of the excavation, as well as the ceramic artifacts found in one of its wall foundations, seem to indicate that it was constructed in the Ottoman period. The walls of this structure were built on the remains of an earlier structure, partly rock-hewn and partly stone-built, which dates to the late Byzantine period, based on the pottery finds discovered beneath its floor. Installations 103 and 104, which were revealed on the bedrock floor of the Byzantine-period building, may have been hewn after this building ceased use and prior to the construction of the Ottoman-period building. The building from the Byzantine period was erected on top of an earlier vertical rock-cutting.