In May 2013, a salvage excavation was conducted prior to construction in Modi‘in, along Menachem Begin Boulevard, opposite Horbat Hadat (Permit No. A-6808; map ref. 201481–96/643226–43; Fig. 1), after antiquities were damaged. The excavation, undertaken on behalf of the Israel Antiquities Authority and funded by Danya Cebus Co., was directed by V. Eshed (field photography), with the assistance of Y. Amrani (administration), A. Dagot (GPS), M. Kunin (surveying) and M. Shuiskaya (pottery drawing).
Two field walls, founded on bedrock and forming a corner, were exposed. One (W3; length c. 1.5 m, width 0.6 m), built along an east–west axis of medium-sized fieldstones, was preserved one course high (Figs. 2, 3). The other (W5; width c. 2 m) was aligned in a north–south direction (Figs. 2, 4). Pottery sherds dating to the Byzantine period were recovered while exposing the walls. A fragment of a basalt vessel dating to the Late Chalcolithic period was discovered in the initial cleaning of the surface level (L1), excavated to a depth of c. 0.1 m (Fig. 5).
The excavation findings are consistent with those of previous excavations conducted near the current area and indicate extensive human activity during the Chalcolithic period. The dating of the wall is uncertain; the pottery sherds found nearby probably indicate that it was constructed in the Byzantine period.