Remains of a paved road and a plastered channel parallel to it were exposed along the two eastern squares (B1, B2). The road (length c. 10 m, width 2.25–3.00 m; Figs. 1, 2) consisted of two parallel rows of medium and large stones, placed on the ground and a stone pavement (width 1.0–1.5 m; size of flagstones c. 0.5 × 0.5 m) between them, c. 0.2–0.3 m lower than the tops of the parallel stone rows. The pavement was overlain with fill of small stones and light gray soil.
The foundation of the channel (width 0.7–1.0 m; Figs. 1, 3) was composed of medium-sized stones and light gray soil. Above it were two layers of plaster, a bottom gray one and an upper red one, which survived sporadically in the square and in the balks. The discovered plaster was horizontal but its western end scaled the sides of the channel (Fig. 3). A thin layer of travertine had formed over the plaster.
The potsherds recovered from the probe trenches dug in the road and the channel dated to the Late Roman and Byzantine periods. The layer overlying the channel contained a meager amount of potsherds from the Early Islamic period.
No architectural finds were discovered close to the remains of the road and the channel or in the western square (A1), but just dark brown reddish clay soil and a few worn potsherds from the Chalcolithic period, Early Bronze Age II, the Persian period and the Middle Ages.
The plaster in the channel is characteristic of aqueducts and the water was probably conveyed from the spring at ‘En H
arod to some unknown destination. The kind of plaster applied to the aqueduct and the potsherds found in it date it to the Byzantine period (Y. Porath. 2002. Hydraulic Plaster in Acqueducts as a Chronological Indicator. In D. Amit, J. Patrich and Y. Hirschfeld, eds. The Acqueducts of Israel
[JRA Supp. Ser. 46]. Portsmouth. Pp. 25–36). The structure of the road is reminiscent of more massive roads, yet its dimensions indicate that it was probably a local road or a paved path, similar to the path discovered in Alonēy Abba (HA-ESI 120
); it may have been used as a service road for the adjacent aqueduct. A pottery fragment found from the excavation, covered with travertine and dating to the Early Islamic period, raises the possibility that the aqueduct was not maintained and no longer in use at this time.