During March 2010, a trial excavation was conducted at Kafr Kama in the Lower Galilee (Permit No. A-5865; map ref. 24182–6/73619–23), prior to construction. The excavation, undertaken on behalf of the Israel Antiquities Authority and underwritten by the Kafr Kama Local Council, was directed by G.B. Jaffe, with the assistance of Y. Ya‘aqobi and Y. Lavan (administration), Y. Nemichnitzer (surveying and drafting), A. Peretz (field photography), E.J. Stern (ceramics), Y. Gorin-Rosen (glass) and M. Hartal (guidance).
Upon preparing the area for excavation, ground water rose to the surface and inundated the excavation area. According to local residents this phenomenon is known to occur in this part of the village. As a result, a drainage pit and a channel were dug with the aid of mechanical equipment in the southern part of the excavation area to convey the water beyond the excavation area (Fig. 2). Two walls (W110, W115) that formed a corner were exposed. Another semicircular wall (W112; Fig. 3) was attached to the northern side of W110. Walls 112 and 115 were built directly on the bedrock. The three walls consisted of fieldstones and were preserved a single course high; they were probably foundations of walls. An earlier wall (W123), oriented east–west, was discerned below W110, but was not excavated due to the flooding (Fig. 4). Bedrock that descended toward the south was exposed in the northern part of the excavation area.
A scant amount of ceramic finds dating to the Early Islamic, Mamluk and Ottoman periods was discovered in the excavation. These finds do not date the building remains with certainty; however, these remains may possibly date to the end of the nineteenth century CE, when the Circassian village was initially founded. Among the finds recovered from an excavation conducted c. 200 m west of the current one were building remains and potsherds from similar periods (HA-ESI 118
). A blue glass bracelet fragment dating to the Ottoman period was discovered south of W112.