Cave 3, whose western part was removed by mechanical equipment prior to the excavation, was located in the northeastern end of the excavation area. The elliptical cave (2.50×5.00 m, height 2.24 m) had a hewn entrance shaft (diam. 0.9 m) and was filled to its ceiling with soil and limestone fragments. In-situ artifacts were discovered in the cave, including burial jars, churns and holemouths, which contained the bones of at least forty-nine deceased, as well as V-shaped bowls, cornets, a miniature cornet and a small gravestone, found both next to and inside the burial vessels (Figs. 3, 4).
Cave 4, whose upper part was removed by mechanical equipment prior to the excavation, wasin the southeastern part of the excavation area; at least two burial phases were discerned in the cave, an upper and lower elliptical levels (c. 3.3×3.5 m; Fig. 5). Decorated jars and holemouths, with V-shaped bowls alongside them, were placed on top of the lower level in the early phase. These vessels were shattered in the late burial phase and jars, kraters and a large V-shaped bowl were placed on top of them, while small V-shaped bowls, small round bowls, footed bowls, goblets and bottles were arranged around the larger funerary offerings. One of the kraters was decorated with a row of incised ibexes (Fig. 6). A niche enclosed by two fieldstone-built walls was exposed in the upper part of the cave. A square clay ossuary that contained the remains of a male, c. 19 years of age, was placed in the center of the niche. Jars, kraters and V-shaped bowls were arranged along the side of the ossuary. Three kraters, one of which contained five small juglets, were exposed in the eastern part of the cave.
The remains of at least sixty-two individuals were identified in the cave.
Cave 5 is an elliptical cave (length 5.5 m, width 4 m, height 0.8 m) in the middle of the excavation area, whose upper part was removed by mechanical equipment. A stone pavement was exposed in its center. At least seventeen deceased, including adults and children, were identified. The burials in the cave were placed inside elliptical ceramic tubs, churns, a slipper-like ceramic ossuary and a stone ossuary. Elliptical clay trays, cornets, small bowls and an amphoriskos were found around them. A clay gravestone was discovered next to one of the burial vessels.
Cave 8, whose upper part was removed by mechanical equipment, is in the southwestern part of the excavation area, and only its lower part survived. The elliptical cave (c. 4.0×4.4 m, preserved height 1.64 m) was excavated down to the level of the natural bedrock floor and at least fifteen interred were identified. A large gravestone was exposed next to a stone ossuary and burial jars, holemouths and two churns were found alongside cornets and V-shaped bowls.
Cave 14 was elliptical (length 3 m, width 3.6 m, height 2.1 m) and located in the southeastern part of the excavation area. The cave, excavated down to the floor, was filled to its ceiling with soil mixed with limestone fragments. At least thirty-two deceased were identified in burial vessels that included a stone ossuary, bearing the remains of a young male, a ceramic ossuary in the shape of a slipper, similar to the one in Cave 5, churns and holemouths, with small bowls, cornets and a stone gravestone alongside them.
This is likely the largest and richest Chalcolithic cemetery known in the Southern Levant; it is dated to the Ghassulain culture, based on the funerary offerings and burial vessels.