During February 2012, a trial excavation was conducted along the northwestern fringes of Moshav Gid‘ona (Permit No. A-6440; map ref. 234034–41/717220–38), prior to construction. The excavation, undertaken on behalf of the Israel Antiquities Authority and underwritten by the contractor, was directed by O. Zidan, with the assistance of Y. Lavan (administration), T. Meltsen (surveying), W. Atrash (guidance), and H. Tahan-Rosen (flint drawing).
Complete pottery vessels dating to Middle Bronze IIA (hereafter MB IIA) were uncovered; these had been placed inside a tomb that did not survive (Fig. 1).
The excavation area (2×3 m; depth 3.5 m) is located in the Umm al-‘Amad antiquities site; remains of a tomb, which contained whole vessels that had been placed on two skeletons, were exposed. The skulls of the deceased faced west and their feet were in the east (the skeletons were not excavated). The tomb was surrounded by a wall built of small fieldstones (W13), of which only the southwestern corner was exposed (Fig. 2). Three concentrations of vessels (L12; Figs. 3, 4) were revealed above the two skeletons. The eastern concentration contained two bowls and a juglet (Fig. 5). One bowl was set on its base (Figs. 1: B104, 3:1) and the other was placed inside the first with soil fill between them (Figs. 1: B109, 3:2). The juglet was placed on its side, just west of the bowls (Figs. 1: B105, 3:5). A juglet (Fig. 1: B106; Fig. 3:6) was found lying on its side, c. 0.45 m northwest of the eastern cluster of vessels. Two jugs were discovered standing on their base next to the western section of the square (Fig. 6). The southern jug has a handle and is barrel-shaped (Figs. 1: B107, 3:3) and the other is elongated and has a single handle (Figs. 1: B108, 3:4).
The tomb dates to MB IIA and is evidence of a settlement not yet exposed that existed in this period at Umm al-‘Amad.