Square A1. Remains of a wall (W118; exposed length 3.4 m, width 0.8 m, preserved height 0.27 m), aligned east–west and built of small fieldstones and medium and large dressed stones, were exposed. The wall was founded on brown soil (L137) and survived a single course high; the core was not preserved at all. North of the wall was collapse, which consisted of small fieldstones that had apparently fallen from the wall. Remains of a tabun were excavated southwest of the wall, at a lower level. The tabun had survived by a round mud-brick surface (L123; diam. 0.75 m), surrounded by burnt material and charcoal.
Square A2. Collapse consisting of small fieldstone and sections of light gray plaster floors with charcoal inclusions (L119) were exposed in the eastern part of the square. A rectangular installation (L141; 0.5 × 1.5 m, depth 0.24 m; Fig. 2), whose sides were built of smooth large limestone blocks and small and medium fieldstones bonded with light gray mortar, was discovered in the middle of the square. Remains of light gray plaster mixed with charcoal and white inclusions were preserved on the inner eastern side of the installation. The base of the installation was built of small fieldstones bonded with gray cement mixed with charcoal inclusions and white grit; it was founded on the sand that characterizes Ramla. The southern side of the installation, which did not survive, was apparently damaged in the modern era (L104). Brown soil and numerous potsherds dating to the Early Islamic period were discovered inside the installation, which may be an industrial one. Similar installations ascribed to the Early Islamic period were discovered at Mazliah (HA-ESI 121).
Square A3. A circular installation (L116; inside diam. 0.8 m; Fig. 3), built of small and medium-sized fieldstones in a single course of dry construction, was discovered. The installation was founded on a level on sandy hamra (L122) and contained gray soil (L128), mixed with charcoal, fragments of cooking kraters, cooking pots and animal bones. The installation was probably used as a hearth or a tabun. A millstone, surrounded by small fieldstones and not in situ, was discovered nearby, to the northwest (L143). The millstone may have been put to secondary use as a work surface. The proximity of the stone to the installation shows that it may possibly have been associated with it.
Square B1 (Fig. 4). Remains of walls and a floor were discovered. The building stones were robbed, hence the poor preservation. The course of the walls that were founded on brown soil could be traced in the robber trenches. A section of a wall (W144), built of small fieldstones and oriented east–west, was discovered in the southern part of square. Another section of the wall was exposed in the southeastern corner of the square. Another wall (W110; preserved length 2.1 m, width 0.6 m, preserved height 0.16–0.20 m), built of small and medium fieldstones in a north–south direction and preserved a single course high, abutted W144 on the north. Sections of gray plaster mixed with charcoal inclusions and white grit were discovered between the stones of the wall. Remains of another wall (W140; length 2 m, width 0.6 m, preserved height 0.18–0.20 m) were discovered in the northeastern part of the square. The wall, oriented northwest-southeast and preserved one–two courses high, was built of roughly hewn small and medium fieldstones, without mortar. Sections of a gray floor and small scattered fieldstones (L145) were exposed north of the wall. Ceramic artifacts that dated to the Abbasid period were discovered alongside and beneath the walls.
A small number of ceramic finds were recovered from the excavation, dating to the transition phase from the Byzantine to the Umayyad periods. These mainly originated from the layer of sand and included fragments of a Fine Byzantine Ware bowl (Fig. 5:1), a cooking pot (Fig. 5:2) and a jar (Fig. 5:3). Most of the finds dated to the Early Islamic period and came from the fill beneath the building remains and nearby. These included glazed bowls (Fig. 5:5–7); plain bowls that are well-known in the region and were probably produced locally (Fig. 5:4, 8); bowls decorated with incising and painting (Fig. 5:9); kraters decorated with combed decorations (Fig. 5:10, 11), known from the end of the Byzantine period, which continued almost without change until the tenth century CE and even later; jugs of buff-colored ware, some of which are decorated (Fig. 5:12–15) and very common to the Early Islamic period; and lamp fragments (Fig. 5:16–18), which are commonly found throughout the country from the second half of the eighth–the tenth centuries CE; one lamp is decorated with a dove (Fig. 5:17) and another is adorned with a grape-cluster design (Fig. 5:18). Two clay pipes that dated to the Late Ottoman period were discovered on the surface. One has a burnished gray slip and a short ridged stem with a triangular cross-section (diam. 9 mm); it is decorated with a molded pattern of rhomboids and circles (Fig. 6). The second is a disk-base type of pipe that is slipped red and burnished (Fig. 7). It has a long stem that becomes wider toward the top (diam. 1.7 cm) and the upper part is decorated with a molded pattern of circles between two horizontal rouletted bands.
The glass found in the excavation includes 180 vessel fragments, a third of which are diagnostic and consist of vessels known from Ramla in the Early Islamic period, as well as rare vessels that date to the Late Byzantine and Umayyad periods (seventh and beginning of eight centuries CE). The vessels include bowls, cups, bottles and conical stemmed oil lamps; they are blown and mostly made of greenish blue glass, containing black impurities mainly on the rim, and bear yellowish weathering. The glass finds include a fragment of a small cylindrical bowl (Fig. 8:1) with a folded rim that forms a small hollow, dating to the Byzantine and Umayyad periods and very common to Ramla in the eighth century CE;a fragment of a delicate, rounded and pinched rim (Fig. 8:2) that forms a rounded spout and probably belongs to a type of juglet known in the region from the Byzantine period; a fragment of a broad folded rim (Fig. 8:3) that belongs to a bowl similar to the bowl in Fig. 8:1 or to a large bottle that dates to the end of the Byzantine or the Early Islamic periods;a fragment of a base (Fig. 8:4), which has very few analogies and is probably the bottom part of the juglet in Fig. 8:2, whose body tapers toward the bottom and has a small concave base with a hollow delicate ring; a fragment of a flat thickened base (Fig. 8:5) decorated on the bottom with a shallow scar that was mold-blown, it was apparently part of a cylindrical bowl whose decoration is characteristic of the seventh and eighth centuries CE;a ridged neck of a thin-walled bottle (Fig. 8:6) that was common to the region in the Umayyad and especially in the Abbasid periods;a concave thickened base of a bottle (Fig. 8:7); a body fragment of a bottle (Fig. 8:8) decorated with two yellow trails that form a bifurcated pattern, dating to the Late Byzantine and the Umayyad periods (seventh–eighth centuries CE); a fragment of the bottom part of a cylindrical cup that has a thickened and flat base (Fig. 8:9). The cup is unusual in that it is made of colorless glass with a greenish hue that has black enamel-like weathering and is decorated with horizontal engraving. This type of cup is very common to Ramla, Caesarea and Tiberias from the end of the ninth until the beginning of the eleventh centuries CE. This cup fragment is one of the latest vessels at the site and was recovered from the accumulations overlaying the wall remains.
Six coins were discovered in the excavation; three copper fals (IAA 104779–104781) and one silver dirham (IAA 104782) were identified, dating to the Abbasid period (ninth century CE). Several of the coins were discovered beneath the building remains and others were exposed in the overlying accumulations.
A number of bronze objects were retrieved from the excavation, including a ring, a hook and a fragment of a spatula (Fig. 9), as well as a well-preserved oil-lamp filler (Fig. 10). Similar oil-lamp fillers were discovered in several excavations, e.g., Holot Yavne (HA-ESI 118) and Ramat Gan (HA-ESI 121), wherein they were dated to the end of the Byzantine and the Early Islamic periods.