A building (37; Fig. 2) within an agricultural unit is located at the foot of the slope. Rock-cut installations and a hewn cistern (32) were examined on the adjacent hill to the northwest and a burial cave (33) was recorded on the southeastern slope. The large structure is built of large fieldstones and its plan seems to be rectangular. Numerous potsherds dating to Iron Age II (eighth–seventh centuries BCE) were found in its vicinity. This is probably a farmhouse from Iron Age II that continued to function in later periods, based on collected potsherds that dated to the Persian, Roman and Byzantine periods. The farm is surrounded by many agricultural terraces. Close to the building, the terraces are built of very large stones (38; Fig. 3), unlike the other terraces that cover the slopes. The farm is connected to ancient agriculture, similar to the farm at Khirbat er-Ras (‘Atiqot 40:39–63), located c. 780 m to the northwest.
A potsherd scattering dating to Iron Age II and later periods (30) was found in a broad leveled region on a gentle slope, between the farming terraces and bedrock cliffs, where large areas are covered with sand from disintegrating yellow limestone. No architectural remains were found and there are probably hewn burial caves in the vegetation-covered bedrock cliffs. Other potsherd scatterings were surveyed, dating to the Iron Age, Roman and Byzantine periods (5) and the Roman and Byzantine periods (11).
Two types of burial caves were discerned. One type is represented by an impressive burial cave (24; Figs. 4, 5), located c. 100 m southeast of ‘En Ya‘el. The cave has a circular opening enclosed within two meticulously hewn arched frames. Remains of a rock-cut rectangular courtyard are situated in front of the cave’s façade. The cave’s interior is rectangular and coarsely hewn. Another cave (42; Fig. 6), whose opening is round, is presently used for storage by local residents; the rock-cutting style and shape of the interior are similar to those of Cave 24.
A second type of burial cave is represented by three caves hewn in bedrock terraces (8, 10, 18; possibly also 43, which is an opening in a bedrock cliff). The caves have a small rectangular entrance and some have a rectangular hewn frame around the opening. Two rectangular rock-cuttings that are probably burial-cave courtyards (16, 17), a natural rock shelter (?; 29) with a curved stone wall built opposite it—probably an animal pen, and a large cave dwelling (34, formerly a burial cave?), in whose front is a courtyard delineated by a stone wall, were documented.
Other surveyed antiquities included a round pit lined with small fieldstones (14) whose purpose is unclear, two watchman’s huts (44, 45), remains of other watchman’s huts, incorporated in modern farming terraces (7, 39, 41), caves (1, 6, 26, 31, 35), three quarries (3, 19, 22), a rock-hewn winepress (4), various rock-cuttings, some of which are apparently remains of installations (12, 21, 25, 27), farming terraces and field walls built of fieldstones (2, 9, 13, 15, 20, 28, 36). Potsherds from Iron Age II, and the Roman and Byzantine periods were found near Wall 36. In addition to what are apparently ancient walls, the area is covered with a multitude of modern agricultural terraces. Remains of a modern building (?; 40), built of small and medium fieldstones, was constructed between two modern farming terraces. A few potsherds dating to the Byzantine period were scattered toward the bottom of the slope.
The inhabitants of the surveyed area were engaged in agriculture from the Iron Age onward; the most outstanding find indicating this was a farming complex, probably similar to the one at Khirbat er-Ras. An agricultural settlement probably existed in the area during Iron Age II. The large number of hewn burial caves on the bedrock terraces is remarkable. These are associated with the habitation periods and include an impressive tomb that may have been connected to the Roman villa at ‘En Ya‘el.