Area A
A wall (W102; height 0.33 m), built of dressed kurkar stones (0.2 × 0.3 × 0.5 m) and preserved two courses high, was exposed 0.5 m below the surface, next to the area’s southern boundary. The wall continued into the southern balk of the square. Two dressed kurkar stones (0.3 × 0.5 × 0.5, 0.5 × 0.5 × 0.5 m; L26), not in situ, were exposed 2.2 m east of W102. These stones were probably collapse that fell from W102. Brown hamra fill (L12), excavated between W102 and the two kurkar stones, contained potsherds that included fragments of an Eastern Terra Sigillata bowl (Fig. 3:1), a rim of an Ashqelon-type jar (Fig. 3:7), a cooking pot rim (Fig. 3:4) and a fragment of a discus lamp (Fig. 3:15). All the vessels dated to the end of the first–beginning of the second centuries CE. A coin of Agrippa I that was minted in Jerusalem in 41/42 CE (IAA 135839) was discovered in the brown hamra fill (L12).
Area B
The northwestern corner of a building (W103, W104) was exposed in the southeastern part of the area and a wall (W100) was discovered in its western part. A floor (L17) abutted W100, as well as Walls 103 and 104. Another floor (L19), at the same elevation, adjoined the interior corner of the building.
Walls 103 and 104, built of small and medium fieldstones (average size 0.15 × 0.15 × 0.25 m), were preserved a single course high. Wall 100 (length 3.8 m, width 1 m), built of large, well-dressed kurkar stones (0.20 × 0.20 × 0.25–0.25 × 0.50 × 0.60 m), was founded on a bedding of small fieldstones, intended to level out the incline of the hill. Two courses of stones were preserved at its northern end, whereas its southern end was preserved a single stone course high.
The two floors (L17, L19) consisted of tamped earth mixed with ground kurkar. Floor 19 (thickness 7 cm; elevation 8.71 m above sea level) abutted Walls 103 and 104 on the south and east and was the floor of the building. Floor 17 (thickness 8 cm; elevation 8.71 m above sea level) abutted the exterior side of the building’s corner and W100; it was probably the floor of an open courtyard situated between the buildings. It overlaid a foundation of gray sandy soil that contained a large quantity of shells.
Fragments of vessels, dating from the end of the first–beginning of the second centuries CE, were recovered from the hamra accumulations above Floor 17 (L16, L20), including a rim of a cooking krater (Fig. 3:2) and a rim of an Ashqelon-type jar (Fig. 3:9). A concentration of shattered pottery vessels (L22) was discovered in the northern part of the area, where Floor 17 was missing; it comprised mostly Ashqelon jars (Fig. 3:6, 8), along with a cooking pot (Fig. 3:3), a juglet (Fig. 3:13) and a fragment of a discus lamp (Fig. 3:14), all dating to the end of the first–beginning of the second centuries CE. A rim of a baggy-shaped jar (Fig. 3:11), dating to the same period, was discovered below the concentration of vessels, in sandy gray soil fill that contained a large amount of shell fragments (L23).
Red hamra fill (L25), which contained a rim of an Ashqelon-type jar (first–second centuries CE; Fig. 3:10), was excavated below Floor 19. Brown hamra fill (L14), excavated below Floor 17 and east of W100, contained a rim of a jug dating to the first century CE (Fig. 3:12) and a cooking pot rim from the end of the first–beginning of the second centuries CE (Fig. 3:5) .
The results of the excavation point to the existence of a settlement and the finds that included a coin, ceramics and lamp fragments help us in dating it to the Roman period (first–beginning of second centuries CE). Since the excavation was located at the bottom of the northern slope of the hill it can reasonably be assumed that this is the northern end of the settlement. The artifacts from the Roman period recovered from the excavation join other contemporary finds that were revealed in excavations and probe trenches in the region.