A dark colored and thin topsoil layer (thickness 5–15 cm) covered limestone bedrock and included a few potsherds of vaqrious periods.
Once bedrock was exposed, the initial excavation square was abandoned and a larger area (10 × 20 m) was cleaned (Fig. 1). The removal of topsoil revealed four tomb shafts (Figs. 2, 3).
Shaft 101 (Fig. 4). A circular rock-cut shaft (diam. 0.7 m). The soil within the shaft was reddish brown in color and contained a Hellenistic bowl rim fragment (Fig. 5:1) jar rim fragments (Fig. 5:2, 3)and a rim and handles that belonged to a Galilean Coarse Ware (GCW) jar (Fig. 5:4–6). This locally made type of jar is unique to the upper Galilee. This ware is mainly represented by large handmade jars and pithoi, which appear at the end of the Persian period and are in use throughout the Hellenistic period. Yet, unlike their Golan counterparts, they do not seem to continue into the Roman period. A small bronze spatula for applying eye shadow, was discovered in the shaft, probably also dating to the Hellenistic period (Fig. 6).
The excavation of the shaft was suspended once bone fragments appeared at a depth of 0.55 m.
Shaft 102 (Fig. 7). A circular shaft opening (diam. 0.9 m) whose northern side was cut into bedrock and its southern part was built of medium-sized fieldstones. The grayish brown soil within the shaft contained a handful of unidentifiable potsherds. The shaft was excavated to a depth of 0.3 m.
Shaft 103 (Fig. 8). A rock-cut circular shaft opening (diam.0.7 m). A large stone was situated in the center of the shaft; it could be the remainder of the original cover stones that blocked the entrance to the tomb. This shaft was excavated to a depth of 0.15 m.
A Tyrian sheqel (Fig. 9) in an excellent state of preservation was discovered in the vicinity of this shaft:
IAA 106437, L100, Reg. No. 1008.
Autonomous Tyre, 123/2 BCE
Obverse. Head of Melqart r., laureate.
Reverse. ΤΥΡΟΥ ΙΕΡΑΣ ΚΑΙ ΑΣΥΛΟΥ Eagle standing to left on battering ram, palm branch behind wing. On left, club. Date LΔ. Between the eagle's legs a monogram.
Silver tetradrachm (sheqel), 14.03 g, 29 mm.
Shaft 104 (Fig. 10). A rectangular shaft (1.0 × 1.2 m). At the eastern side, the original circular shaft was expanded and a number of flat stones were arranged to be used for an unknown purpose, possibly as steps into the shaft. This shaft was excavated to a depth of 0.5 m.
Locus 105 (Fig. 11) is an element combining bedrock and stone building (length 1.4 m, width 0.6 m). It used a depression in bedrock on its southern side, probably a quarry for extracting masonry stones; its northern side was build of undressed fieldstones and flat stones. Since this feature aroused the suspicion of being a grave, its excavation was suspended. It is noteworthy that the quarry used natural fractures in bedrock, which allowed removing the stones by breaking, rather then by chiseling.
The excavation at the site exposed a cemetery of unknown size. Since no ceramics of the IBA were encountered, the graves can be dated to this period based solely on typology. This necropolis was probably used by either of the two sites close by or even by the site of H. Pazelet in Fassuta.
As no IBA remains were recorded in any of the excavations at Fassuta, the site of Horevot Gemila might be considered as a likely candidate, although this period was not recognized in the survey of the site.
All the tomb shafts are situated at the highest bedrock point in this area and none were found with their covering stones intact. It seems that the tombs were reused for burial during the Hellenistic period as well. Their looting at a later period explains the discovery of pottery and metal finds from the Hellenistic period high up within the tomb shafts, as well as the coin in the vicinity of the shaft, probably part of the funerary gifts that was dropped by the looters. The discovery of bone fragments within the shafts is also indicative of removing the contents of the tombs.