Site 5 is a rectangular grave built of fieldstones on level ground and filled with soil and gravel. Probably a Bedouin grave.
Site 6 comprises 13 agricultural terraces extending across streambed of Nahal Golhan (Figs. 2, 3). They were built of one course of local flint stones set in one or two rows.
Site 7 is a temporary encampment in the streambed of Nahal Golhan, consisting of 11 structures and installations arranged in a circle (Figs. 4, 5). Most of the structures and installations are circular, built of a single course of local fieldstones and do not have floors; one structure was built of two courses of stones. One structure yielded potsherds of coarsely finished Negev Ware, with an uneven surface and a dark core due to low-quality firing. Pottery of this type was used by nomads in this region from the Bronze Age to the end of the Iron Age. A large flint core was also found (Fig. 6:7).
Site 8 comprises three stone clusters located above and parallel to Nahal Zarhan (Figs. 7, 8). Each cluster is enclosed by an oval-shaped fieldstone wall, on which the stone clusters were heaped.
Site 9 comprises two circular installations, each built of a single course of stones, in the streambed of Nahal Zarhan.
Site 11 comprises 15 circular areas where the surface was cleared of stones (Fig. 9)—possibly by herders who made resting areas for camels.
Site 12 is a stone circle (Fig. 10).
Site 13 is a tumulus—a rounded, low pile of stones (Fig. 11).
Site 14 comprises three circles of fieldstones (L125–L127; Fig. 12). Circles 125 and 126 were built of one course of stones, whereas Circle 127 was built of two courses which supported additional courses of smaller stones. A fragment of an extremely worn circular lower grinding stone (Fig. 13) was found near Circle 126. Such grinding stones have been used over the past two millennia. The stone circles are located near Site 11—resting areas for camels—and may be associated with similar activity.
Site 15 is a stone cairn built of one course of the dark cherty flint stones common in this area (Fig. 14). The cairn was built in a prominent position at the west end of a hillock and thus may have been used as a landmark.
Site 16 comprises two clusters of stones on a hillock. The clusters are prominently positioned and thus may have served as landmarks.
Site 17 is a flint scatter on the gentle hillslope descending from east to west, near sources of flint. The flint was collected from the surface prior to opening excavation squares (2 × 2 m each; Fig. 15), which reached down to a level devoid of flint (5–10 cm below the surface). As the flint was confined to the surface level, it seems that the site was not a knapping site but rather an accumulation of items washed from several knapping sites that exploited the local raw material during various periods. The flint is dark, and some of the items are worked. All of the items are covered with patina and appear to have undergone erosion as they were swept to the site. The finds contain 323 worked items, including tools (22%; Fig. 6:1–6), most of which are ad-hoc tools, such as chipped flakes; cores (8.5%; Fig. 6:8–12); core debris (0.5%; Fig. 6:13); and knapping debris, consisting of chunks (24%), chips (13%) and flakes (32%), including primary flakes and blades. The flint items date from the Middle Palaeolithic (Mousterian culture) to the Chalcolithic periods.
The scarcity of pottery and flint finds makes it difficult to identify the purpose and date of the sites, yet they are characteristic of the nomadic-herding cultures in the Negev since prehistoric times. The arid Negev desert has never had a large human presence. Indeed, the archaeological remains attest to a sparsely populated area with seasonal camps and limited arable land—indicated by the terraces—that based its economy mainly on pastoral farming, as attested to by the camel enclosures.