During October 2011, a salvage excavation was conducted in the southern industrial region of Gan Yavne (Permit No. A-6300; map ref. 17174–81/63132–9; Fig. 1), in the wake of discovering ancient remains in preliminary inspections prior to construction. The excavation, undertaken on behalf of the Israel Antiquities Authority and underwritten by Dorav Assets and Investments Ltd., was directed by C. Ben-Ari, with the assistance of Y. Amrani (administration), M. Mulokandov (preliminary inspections), A. Dagot (surveying), M. Shuiskaya (pottery drawing) and F. Volynsky of the IAA central district.
Square A (3×4 m; Fig. 3). Two clusters of stone collapse (L105; Fig. 4) were exposed in dark compact alluvium. The northern cluster (0.4×1.0×1.0 m) was composed of kurkar stones mixed with shells (average size 0.3×0.4 m) and the southern cluster (0.6×0.7 m) comprised kurkar stones (average size 0.3×0.4 m) and chunks of modern concrete affixed to iron rods. Several fragments of black Gaza ware vessels, dating to the Late Ottoman period, were discovered above the collapse. No other finds were discovered below the collapse.
Square B (2.0×3.5 m; Fig. 5). A modern surface consisting of lime and gravel (L102; thickness c. 0.7 m) that extended across the entire area of the square was removed and a layer of firmly packed grayish black soil that contained numerous potsherds (L104; depth c. 0.3 m; Fig. 6) was exposed. The finds were mostly dated to the Late Byzantine period (sixth–seventh centuries CE) and included a Phocean Red Slip bowl (Fig. 7:1) and Gaza jars (Fig. 7:2, 3), as well as several potsherds that were found dating from an earlier phase of the Byzantine period (fourth–fifth centuries CE; not drawn). In the northwestern corner of the potsherd level was a cluster (0.15×0.40×0.50 m) of small kurkar stones (average size 6×8 cm) that could not be associated with the other remains. It superposed a level of hard brown soil was that contained a few worn potsherds, whose origin could not be identified.
A level of potsherds that dated to the Byzantine period was documented in the excavation and modern stone collapse, which was probably discovered already in the preliminary inspections, but its nature could not be determined at the time, was exposed. In light of the location of the excavation areas and the results of the previous nearby excavations, the exposed level should be considered a continuation of the site’s periphery.