Stratum II. Seven rows of nari stones used for paving (L11; Figs. 2, 3) were exposed. The floor was founded on light gray soil and small fieldstones (L13) overlying the natural bedrock. The foundation contained pottery sherds from the Byzantine period, including an imported CRS-type bowl with a thickened and grooved rim from the mid-fifth century CE (Fig. 4:1); a casserole with a plain, rounded rim from the sixth century CE (Fig. 4:2); three fragments of black bag-shaped jars, with a tall ridged neck and a folded-out rim from the fifth–sixth centuries CE (Fig. 4:3–5). The floor was part of an architectural complex that did not survive. It is dated to the Byzantine period on the basis of the ceramic finds.
Stratum I comprisedindustrial refuse consisting of thin layers of ash and light brown soil (L10, L12) piled from north to south over the floor of Stratum II (Fig. 5), indicating a nearby workshop. The layer of refuse contained pottery sherds from the Byzantine and Umayyad periods, including two types of imported bowls: LRC bowls (Fig. 6:1) dating to the latter half of the fifth century CE and CRS bowls (Fig. 6:2–4); the latter include bowls dating from the mid fifth century to the late seventh century CE (Fig. 6:2, 3) and a bowl (Fig. 6:4) with a date ranging from the late fourth century to the early sixth century CE. Also found were black bag-shaped jars that have a plain, round rim and a tall neck (Fig. 6:5), dating to the Umayyad period; a jug smeared with white paint and adorned with red colored linear and geometric decorations (Fig. 6:6), dating to the first half of the seventh century CE; and a piriform oil lamp decorated with a reticulated pattern characteristic of the Umayyad period (Fig. 6:7).
The remains indicate that the Byzantine-period settlement extended along the southern and western slopes of the hill. In the Early Islamic period, the area of the settlement was reduced, and covered only on the hilltop. The slopes that were previously within the precincts of the Byzantine settlement became refuse areas, where debris was discarded.