Winepress 1 (Figs. 3, 4) has a rectangular treading floor (L102) and a rectangular collecting vat (L101). Not all sides of the treading floor are preserved. An entrance to a burial cave (L103; Fig. 5) was cut into one of the walls of the collecting vat, thus putting it out of use. A small channel, hewn between the treading floor and the collection vat, would have interfered with the functioning of the winepress and thus must be from a later date. It possibly served to prevent rainwater from entering the collecting vat, and subsequently the cave. The cave was not excavated, but several features could be identified: a complete loculus on the northern side of the cave; next to it an unfinished one, only a few centimeters deep; and a carved niche for placing a lamp in the southeastern corner. Sherds found in the collecting vat may have been part of an ossuary or a ceramic tile that covered a coffin. Either option, alongside the cave’s plan, points to a date in the Roman period. The mixed pottery that was found in and around the winepress doesn't date the winepress itself. The burial cave provides a terminus ante quem for the winepress, which was in use no later than the Roman period. A cistern was identified approximately 10 m to the southeast of the winepress; it was not excavated.
Winepress 2 (Figs. 6, 7) has a rectangular treading floor (L107) and collecting vat (L105). In the center of the treading floor is a square hole were a stone was located that anchored the press screw. In the southeastern corner is a natural hole that probably predated the winepress. It was filled with stones and was apparently sealed in some way. Two steps on the western side of the collecting vat lead into it. On its southern side, at about half the height of the vat’s wall, is a small recess, which usage is unclear. In the southeastern corner is a small sump. Around the winepress are many cupmarks, possibly for poles that either supported a wooden structure that provided shade or a squeezing mechanism. This type of winepresses dates to the Byzantine period.
Winepress 3 (Figs. 8, 9) has trapezoidal treading floor with rounded corners (L110) and a round collecting vat (L109) with a round sump. A channel connects the treading floor and the collecting vat. The location of the channel, near the southeastern corner of the treading floor suggest that a similar channel led out of the southwestern corner, where the rock is severely eroded. This winepress bears many similarities to the Ta‘anakh winepress that dates to the Middle Bronze Age (Getzov, Avshalom-Gorni and Muqari 1998:195–197). While the collecting vat is big in comparison to other winepresses of this type, it might have been smaller when the press was first hewn and enlarged only later.
Winepress 4 (Figs. 10, 11) has a semi-circular treading floor (112) and an elliptical collecting vat (L111) with a small sump. It is impossible to date this type of winepress.
Winepress 5 (L117; Figs. 3, 12) is a very small winepress with a treading floor and a collecting vat that are both circular. The treading floor is surrounded by a channel leading to the collecting vat. It is impossible to date this type of winepress.
Winepresses 6–8. These winepresses (6 [L108; Figs. 6, 13]; 7 [L115; Figs. 14, 15]; 8 [L116; Figs. 16, 17]) are rectangular basins with rounded corners and a small sump. These winepresses have no treading floor, which means the treading took place in the basin and the juice was not separated from the must. It is impossible to date this type of winepress.
Limekiln (diam. 3.5 m; Figs. 18, 19). The kiln was partly hewn out in the nari bedrock and partly built with field stones where the natural bedrock was lower. The built part was preserved in some places up to a height of two meters. Stones from the upper part of the kiln collapsed inward and were found in the fill. The kiln consisted of one chamber, where the limestone was placed and surrounded by the fuel. A channel opened on the western side the kiln to allow airflow into the kiln. On the floor of the kiln were several layers of lime, burned material, ash and charcoal (Fig. 20). The burned material had the same chemical composition as the earth collected in near the kiln, suggesting that the burnt earth fell into the kiln and was accidentally burned. The kiln went out of use and the accumulation in it was not removed before its upper part collapsed.
The scant potsherds found in the kiln could not date it. This type of limekilns was in use from the Roman period until the Ottoman period.
In this excavation eight winepresses and a limekiln were excavated, and a burial cave and a cistern were identified but not excavated. Only several of these features could be dated. The concentration of winepresses—which are generally located alongside vineyards—indicate that the area was used for wine production in different periods.