Site E. A concentration of four sites was identified c. 1 km. northeast of Mezad Tamar.
1. Terraces (length 3 m, height 1 m) that consisted of stone heaps were built across a wadi channel. It seems that they were used until the modern era.
2. Two natural caves in the southern cliff of the wadi channel were adapted for storage use (granaries?); the opening to the western cave was blocked with fieldstones. It seems that the caves were used until recently. A courtyard surrounded by a fieldstone-built wall (length c. 3 m, height c. 0.5 m) was located close to the opening of the eastern cave.
3, 4. Three elliptical buildings (max. diam. c. 6 m; Fig. 4) were located c. 100 m east
of Site E1 and two similar elliptical buildings were situated c. 100 m west of it. The walls
of the buildings (width 0.7 m) consisted of medium-sized fieldstones (0.3 × 0.4 m) and
survived 0.4 m high. A terrace complex was located near the two groups of
buildings. The potsherds scattered between the building remains in the
two groups included fragments of cooking pots from the Roman and Byzantine periods.
Site F. Twelve heaps of small fieldstones (diam. c. 2 m, height c. 0.3 m; size of fieldstones 0.2 × 0.2 m), arranged in a circle, extended across an area of c. 1 dunam, c. 1 km northeast of Mezad Tamar.
Cluster G. Two sites were located in a wadi channel, c. 1.2 km northeast of Mezad Tamar.
1. A building that consisted of a central elliptical unit (6 × 10 m) with two elliptical rooms (3 × 5 m) attached to its southern side. The walls (width 0.8 m) were built of medium-sized stones (0.4 × 0.5 m), preserved two courses high. The main unit, whose entry faced the southeast, was divided into two rooms (2 × 3 m) that opened toward the center of the building. The entryways to the rooms, attached to the south of the main unit, faced east.
2. Three farming terraces (length 6–10 m) were built in the wadi channel c. 50 m south of the building. Fragments of cooking pots from the Roman and Byzantine periods were found scattered across the terraces.
Site H. A field road (width 2.0–2.5 m; Fig. 5), oriented east–west and cleared of stones, extended c. 800 m northeast of Mezad Tamar. The road led from the wadi channel to the hilltop.
Site I. A cluster of stone heaps (1.0 × 1.5 m, height 0.2 m) and a circular building (diam. 1 m) on a saddle near the hilltop, c. 1.2 km east of Mezad Tamar.
It seems that most of the activity in the surveyed region should be ascribed to the Roman and Byzantine periods, when a government stronghold operated in the area and defended the main road. Agricultural activity was conducted on the farming terraces in the vicinity of the stronghold and dwellings were founded nearby; the activity that transpired in the area was probably seasonal. Some of the sites – buildings, stone heaps and roads – cannot be dated, but they are characteristic of the Negev hill country.