Beneath the hamra soil (depth 0.9 m), which was removed with a backhoe, two occupation levels were exposed. The upper occupation level included shallow clusters of small kurkar stones and limestone, possibly a floor bed (L106; thickness 4–7 cm). Shells and several non-diagnostic flint items were discovered between the stones. Three dressed kurkar stones (average dimensions: 4 × 9 × 24 cm) were exposed in the eastern part of the Stone Clusters 106. These stones may be the meager remains of a wall foundation that ran in a general east–west direction (W105; Fig. 4). A patch of gray earth with distinct boundaries (L101; 0.65 × 0.68 m; depth 0.12 m) was exposed in the northern part of the square. It included several non-diagnostic pottery sherds, burnt organic matter and a lump of unworked flint. The excavation in the upper level yielded pottery sherds that date from the Persian period to the Early Roman period (fourth century BCE – first century CE), including a jar from the Persian period (fourth–third century BCE; Fig. 5:1) and fragments of a knife-pared Herodian lamp (first century CE; Fig. 5:2). Also found were three bronze coins: one from the Byzantine period (fourth century CE; IAA 145681) and two from the Umayyad period, following the reform of ‘Abd al-Malik (697–750 CE; IAA 145679, 145680). Coin 145679 is dated precisely to the years 734–735 CE (Fig. 6). A bronze item that may be a handle of a small vessel (Fig. 7) was also discovered in the upper level. The coins date the upper level to the Byzantine and Umayyad periods.
A hearth (L107; length 0.24 m, width 0.2, depth 0.14 m) was exposed on the lower occupation level below the stone clusters. It contained burnt hamra, a few small kurkar stones (4 × 6 cm) and several pottery sherds dating from the Persian period until the Early Roman period (fourth century BCE – first century CE).