Area A. Remains of a water-channel inspection and cleaning compartment (L19; Figs. 2, 3) were unearthed 0.5 m below the surface. It was built of three U-shaped walls (W15–W17; width 0.6 m, preserved height 1.5 m) constructed of basalt ashlars and treated on the inside with gray hydraulic plaster. The compartment was constructed right to the west of a travertine outcrop. A channel (L24; width 0.7 m; Fig. 4) built of dressed basalt stones along a general east–west axis was exposed beneath the compartment; it was founded on travertine bedrock and was covered with large basalt slabs (L23; 0.35 × 0.35 × 0.95 m).
Gray–brown soil was exposed while excavating the upper part of the compartment (L14). The soil contained fragments of pottery vessels, including two jars dating to the Intermediate Bronze Age (Fig. 5:1, 2) and three jars from the Early Islamic period (Fig. 5:3–5), as well as an Umayyad fals (697–750 CE; IAA 143560). Fragments of a roof tile (Fig. 5:6), a fragment of a basalt bowl (Fig. 5:7) and a stone weight (Fig. 5:8) were recovered from gray–brown soil (L19) that had accumulated at the bottom of the compartment. It is impossible to date its construction of the compartment; however, the artifacts discovered inside it suggest that it was used until the Early Islamic period.
Area B. Remains of a pipe (L12; length 5.1 m, diam. 0.23 m; Figs. 6, 7) built on travertine bedrock along a northeast–southwest axis were exposed below a light brown layer of alluvium (thickness 0.5 m). The pipe was composed of terra-cotta sections set on a foundation of fired bricks and pinkish–orange hydraulic plaster. It was lined on all sides by bricks and was reinforced with hydraulic plaster. The terra-cotta pipe sections (length 0.28 m; Fig. 8) were connected to each other and sealed with hydraulic plaster (Fig. 9). The pipe sloped gently toward the northeast.
The excavation area was located within the agricultural hinterland of the city of Nysa-Scythopolis, dating to the Roman and Byzantine periods. The remains of a sophisticated system that supplied water to the region north and northeast of the city reflects the importance of the place and the existence of agricultural settlements in the region. The water conveyed in the system was probably supplied from a nearby spring or from one of the city’s aqueducts.