The earliest Stratum (X) was founded on natural bedrock. It comprised a curved wall of a building that abutted a floor on which EB IA pottery was found. The wall was severed by a curved wall of a building (Stratum VIII) and a floor that carried sherds from the EB IA as well. In Stratum VII, a massive wall was constructed above the Stratum VIII curved wall, and was adjoined by a floor overlain with a burnt layer containing ceramics from an early EB IB phase. Another wall ascribed to this stratum was exposed c. 20 m to the southeast, but excavation constraints prevented us from exposing the area between the two walls. Parts of three buildings (Stratum VI) that extend over the entire excavation area were unearthed above the walls of Stratum VII. The northwestern building was circular and had a column base (L1123) in its center, apparently in secondary use: a flat stone in the shape of an equilateral triangle (length per side 0.45 m), with one broken corner. The other two structures had straight walls (thickness 0.6 m) and rounded corners, and both were apparently identical in size (width 6 m). An in-situ
column base was found in each of the two buildings. The central building (L1127, L1159) was divided by a thin partition wall, and an opening that had been carefully sealed was found in its western part (Fig. 4). Its foundations comprise four courses of leveled stones that carried brick walls. The southeastern building (L1078; Fig. 5) had two entrances—in its western and southern walls—that were blocked with straight, neatly arranged courses. Judging by the location of the column base in relation to the blocked entrance in the southern wall, one can reconstruct another column base on the other side of the entrance as well as the complete plan of the structure (6 × 8 m) with two columns in its center. The collapsed stones of the upper courses filled the remains of the building up to the top of the walls (preserved height 1.3 m), suggesting that it was built entirely of stone. Two alleys (width c. 1 m) were revealed between the three buildings. The foundations of the Stratum III wall were built above the remains of the Stratum VI buildings. The corners of the Stratum III buildings were perpendicular. A drainage channel lined with basalt slabs (Fig. 6) ran adjacent to the western side of a wall (W51) in this stratum. Remains of Strata V and IV and a stone foundation from Stratum II were found in a small area along the margins of the excavation area. Strata VII–II date to the EB IB, and their finds are similar to those of Stratum V at Tel Bet Yerah
Above them were remains from the Fatimid period (Stratum I; Figs. 7, 8), comprising a large building with an open, central courtyard; several rooms with walls, floors and tabuns in its southern part; and in its north part—walls of additional rooms, a staircase, stone-lined drainage channels and stone floors. Whole pottery vessels were found on the floors throughout the building and in several stone-lined storerooms, indicating that the building was not abandoned, but rather violently destroyed though not in a conflagration.
The large structure exposed in Stratum I was located on the southern margins of a large settlement that was revealed north of the site. The remains found in the building, the style of its construction and the size of the rooms are of a significantly inferior quality than those of the buildings excavated further north, where ashlars were utilized extensively as opposed to their rare use here. It is generally assumed that the entire settlement in this part of Tiberias was destroyed in a powerful earthquake that struck the region in 1033 CE.
The remains in the Early Bronze Age strata are unique and rare. The excavation’s contribution lies in the exposure of large buildings dating to the EB IB and of in-situ strata from the EB IA. The pottery and other small artifacts are similar to the finds from Tel Bet Yerah. However, while the remains of the two periods at Tel Bet Yerah are very fragmentary and lack clear stratigraphy and architectural remains, the excavation at Gane Menorah yielded stratigraphic remains of extensive architecture with clear construction phases, indicating processes of change, alongside a rich and well-preserved ceramic assemblage. It seems that the stone masonry up to a height of ten courses and more at Gane Menorah indicates that the convenient supply of building stone in the region made massive stone construction in the settlement feasible.
Three openings that had been carefully sealed with building stones were found in the two large buildings in Stratum VI; no entrances were found open—most probably intentionally. On the floors of the two buildings were dozens of shattered pottery vessels that had been left in place prior to their destruction under the collapsed building stone. It thus seems plausible that the buildings were deliberately abandoned with the vessels left behind neatly arranged, since their inhabitants meant to return; however, the buildings collapsed and were destroyed in an earthquake while the inhabitants were away. Judging by these finds, we may assume that the settlement was either temporary or seasonal.