Chalcolithic Period. The remains were revealed mainly in the western part of the excavation area. Three pits (L114, L136, L151) were discovered. They contained an accumulation of brown and gray soil mixed with pottery sherds, basalt vessels and flint flakes characteristic of the Late Chalcolithic period.
Intermediate Bronze Age and the Persian Period. The remains ascribed to these periods were discovered in the northeastern part of the area. Parts of seven tombs (T113, T124, T126, T144, T147–T149) that had been damaged as a result of development work were found in the northern section of the lot. These were probably shaft tombs, but this could not be determined with certainty due to the severe damage inflicted upon them. Pottery vessels typical of the Intermediate Bronze Age were found intact in two of the tombs (T124, T149). In three of the tombs (T113, T126, T147) were intact and broken pottery vessels that date to the Persian period.
Roman Period. A tomb (T153) built along a northeast–southwest axis (Fig. 3) was discovered in the northwestern part of the excavation area. The outer walls of the tomb (W118, W154, W156) were built using the dry-construction technique with partially dressed, medium- and large-sized limestone stones. The wall that delimited the tomb on the northeast was not exposed because of the excavation limitations. Both the walls and the floor of the tomb were coated with gray plaster. The tomb contained three burial troughs, two of which were excavated (the northeastern trough lay beyond the excavation boundaries), yielding non-articulated human bones. Six skulls were placed in the northern part of the northwestern trough. Large collapsed stones, probably originating from the walls of the tomb, were discovered in the southeastern trough. The tomb is dated to the Late Roman period (second–third centuries CE) on the basis of pottery sherds found in it. The scarce artifacts and the evidence of destruction or robbing of the walls suggest that the tomb was plundered.
Islamic Period. Four tombs dating to the Islamic period (T122, T128, T135, T150) were discovered in the southeastern portion of the excavation. The tombs—pit graves—were dug in sandy soil and were oriented on an east–west axis. Three of them were covered with limestone slabs of various sizes. The interments were articulated, primary burials. The deceased were placed on their right side along a general east–west direction, with the head in the west, facing south (Fig. 4), a typical Muslim burial position. No offerings or accompanying artifacts were found in the tombs; therefore, their dating is based on the stratigraphy of the site and on the characteristic Muslim positioning of the skeletons.
Ottoman Period. Remains of a building were discovered in the western part of the excavation area. Its walls (W133, W134), of which only the foundations were preserved, were built of roughly hewn, small- and medium-sized limestone stones, without mortar; they extended to the north and west. It seems that the building consisted of at least two rooms. Pottery sherds characteristic of the Late Ottoman period were collected from the accumulation above and alongside the building’s foundations. A level dating to this period was discovered in the northeastern part of the excavation area as well.
Remains dating to six periods were discovered in the excavation: Chalcolithic, Intermediate Bronze, Persian, Roman, Islamic and Late Ottoman. A typical household ceramic assemblage was found in the pits ascribed to the Chalcolithic period. It should be noted that settlement remains from this period have yet to be discovered in Yehud. The site was used for burial in the Intermediate Bronze Age, the Late Roman and the Islamic periods. The Intermediate Bronze Age burials are part of a large cemetery, portions of which were excavated in previous years (Y. Govrin and N. Ben-Ari, pers. comm.). The built tomb from the Late Roman period is a unique find at Yehud. The excavation area continued to be used for burial in the Islamic period, and in the Late Ottoman period part of it became a residential area.