A built pool (L125; 9 × 9 m, height 1.5 m; Fig. 1) at the northern end of the excavation was nearly completely preserved and exposed before the excavation had begun. The pool was built of dressed kurkar stones and gray mortar. Small fieldstones could be discerned between the dressed stones when looking at the outer surface of the walls. The entire inner surface of the pool was coated with gray plaster; whereas the outer surface of the walls was not plastered, except for the upper stone course. Inside the pool and along its walls were two steps (c. 0.5 m high). A gray-plastered trough (L104; 0.3 × 0.9 m; Fig. 2) was exposed next to the southern wall of the pool; only its floor was preserved. A section of the southern side of the pool’s wall, which was also the northern wall of the trough, was also coated with gray plaster. A northeast-southwest water channel (W105; see Figs. 1, 2) was discovered west of the trough. It abutted the southern wall of the pool, next to its southwestern corner, and conveyed water from the pool to the outside. The channel was built of medium-sized fieldstones and pink mortar at its southern end, whereas the eastern side of the northern part, where the channel adjoined the pool, was built of silicate bricks and pink mortar. At the southern end, the channel turned at a right angle to the northwest. The channel was only partly excavated and therefore its exact dimensions are unknown. A considerable amount of Marseilles roof tiles and a few Gaza-ware potsherds were retrieved from the pool.
A rectangular building (W117 in the northeast, W111 in the northwest, W110 in the southwest; see Fig. 1) was exposed c. 20 m south of the pool; its eastern end was situated beyond the excavation limits.. A wall (W131) divided the building into two rooms. The foundations of the walls, preserved only a single course high, were built of partially worked medium-sized kurkar blocks. Walls 117 and 131 were founded on soil, whereas Walls 110 and 111 were built on a foundation of fieldstones and red hamra (height c. 0.4 m).
A rectangular room (5×6 m) was in the western part of the building. The floor did not survive and the collected potsherds included a large quantity of Marseilles roof tiles and several fragments of Gaza ware. The adjacent room was also rectangular (width 5 m), although its length is unknown. A section of a foundation (L133), probably the remains of a floor, was exposed in the room’s southwestern corner. A well structure (L132; diam. c. 3 m, wall thickness 0.8 m; Fig. 3) was discovered in the southeastern part of the room. It was built of semi-dressed kurkar stones and pink mortar; remains of white plaster were noted on its inner surface. An iron beam with remains of old concrete was exposed in the southern part of the structure, above the side of the well. The well was only partly excavated due to logistical limitations and its depth is unknown. Typical Ottoman pottery, consisting of Marseilles roof tiles and Gaza ware, was collected from the area outside the well. The well itself contained modern refuse that dated to the time of the British Mandate and included a considerable amount of glass vessels.
Concentrations of kurkar stones and limestone (L122; Fig. 4) were exposed in the southernmost square of the excavation. The stones, between which no architectural connection was noted, were positioned at a variety of levels and placed on a layer of clean sand, devoid of any archaeological finds.
All the artifacts in the northern part of the excavation were dated to the Late Ottoman period. The pool and an adjacent well are characteristic of a saqiye complex where water was drawn from the well by means of tracks or a “Persian-wheel” and was conveyed to a reservoir. The water flowed from the reservoir through a series of channels that branched out and was used for irrigating farm crops. At the end of the Ottoman period, this kind of saqiye well was used extensively. The excavation did not reveal any small finds that are characteristic of a saqiye complex, such as saqiye jars and other remains of irrigation channels; nevertheless, the size of the well and the distance between it and the pool strengthen the assumption that this was such a complex. The orientation of the structure built around the well is different than that of the pool. In addition, its relation to the well is irregular; however, this does not negate the possibility that the walls of the building were part of the water-wheel installation that transferred the water from the well to the pool. The iron beam discovered on the side of the well was perhaps a remnant of the suspended conduit through which the water flowed from the jars to the reservoir. At the same time, it is still plausible that the building and the well did not operate together. The amount of Marseilles tiles collected near the building suggests that it was roofed at some point and this is inconsistent with a building used together with a saqiye well. Moreover, the white plaster on the interior surface of the well is not compatible with a well because it was not meant to come in contact with water. The roof tiles and the white plaster raise the possibility that the well structure was used for storing grain in a later phase.
The southern square of the excavation yielded no finds that could date the exposed concentrations of stones. Judging by the nature of the finds, it would be logical to assume that this was not construction but rather a natural consolidation of kurkar around organic materials, probably roots of vegetation.