Stratum I. Three cupmarks hewn in chalk bedrock were exposed in the northern part of the excavation area. Worn fragments of two jars, dating to EB I, were discovered on the cupmarks. It seems that these finds belonged to the beginning of the settlement at the site.
Stratum II. A well-constructed wall (W2), built of flat medium-sized limestone and oriented northwest-southeast, was exposed. Small fragments of mud bricks were discovered on W2, which apparently indicate that the stone wall was a foundation for a mud-brick superstructure that was not preserved.
Stratum III. A massive wall (W1; exposed length 3 m, width 1 m, preserved height 0.7 m), built of flat medium-sized limestone and aligned northwest-southeast, was uncovered. Construction of small and medium fieldstones was exposed in the northwestern part of the wall. Another wall (W3), perpendicular to and abutting W1, was also built of flat medium-sized fieldstones. Extremely worn potsherds were exposed while excavating the walls, including jars, cooking pots and small bowls, which dated to the end of the Roman and the beginning of the Byzantine periods. In addition, numerous fragments of roof tiles that are known from churches dating to the Byzantine period were discovered in the excavation. A bell-shaped cistern hewn in the chalk bedrock (L103; max. diam. 2 m, depth c. 2 m; see Fig. 1: Section 1-1) was also exposed in the square. A stone shaft (height c. 1 m) covered with four flat stones (0.3 × 0.5 × 1.0 m) was built above the hewn opening of the cistern (diam. 0.8 m).
Stratum IV. A soil accumulation (thickness 0.7 m) that covered the wall remains and cistern was exposed. Numerous potsherds dating to the Early and Middle Bronze Ages, the Iron Age, and the Hellenistic, Roman and Byzantine periods were mixed in the soil. Among the ceramic artifacts was a handle of a Rhodian amphora bearing a worn stamped impression, on which the letter M is legible, which is characteristic of the Hellenistic period. The potsherds had been swept here over the years and they represent the periods when the tell was occupied.