During February 2011, a marble Corinthian capital was found by A. Shadman of the Israel Antiquities Authority, in the wake of illicit work at el-Sheikh Rihan in Ramla (map ref. 187450/647980). The capital was documented by A. Dayan (photography) and G. Mazor.
The capital (diam. 0.25 m, height 0.21 m, diam./height ratio 1:0.84) has only the first row of leaflets (height 0.08 m). The acanthus leaves that were carved in bas-relief are next to a kalathos and spread out along the base of the capital. The veins of the leaves have deep parallel grooves that descend to the base of the capital. The four leaflets of the first row meet the pairs of upper leaflets to form rhombi. The helices sprout from behind the first row of leaves and above it without caulicoles and are spread out beneath the volutes. A schematic leaf in the middle is open to both sides and the abacus flower, crude and coarse, emerges from its center, having a different design on each side. A flower (Fig. 1) and egg appear above it in an egg and dart motif (Figs. 2–4). The abacus is divided horizontally by a groove into two undecorated registers. Despite its missing components, the capital is quite molded, albeit rather schematically and its components are balanced. The acanthus leaves are flattened and the capital is lacking plasticity, depth and the play of contrasting light and shadow.
The design of the capital is different from the classical Corinthian capitals of the second–third centuries CE. Based on its design without the second row of leaves and the flattened carving, the capital should probably be dated to the Byzantine period, the fourth–fifth centuries CE. The provenance of the capital is probably a public building (church or synagogue).