Ruin (9). Stone clearance heaps, a cave, farming terraces, field walls, a Muslim tomb (?), a rock-hewn tomb (?) and potsherd scatterings from different periods were documented.
A Quarry and BurialCaves (4). Rock-cut terraces (length c. 5 m, width c. 2 m) and two hewn burial caves were documented. One cave is located c. 3 m north of the rock-cuttings. The cave opening is blocked with soil and stones. A courtyard (2.0×2.5 m) is located in front of the cave. The second cave is located c. 2 m northwest of the rock-cuttings. The cave entry is hewn inside a square frame. A courtyard (1.5×2.0 m; Fig. 2) is hewn in front of the cave. The entry is not positioned in the center of the courtyard, but rather on its side, possibly due to a crack in the center of the bedrock side.
Rock-hewn Installations (8, 17). A rock-cut basin (diam. c. 0.4 m) was documented at Site 8. An olive press and a basin (diam. 0.4 m, depth 0.3 m) hewn in a bedrock outcrop were documented at Site 17. The pressing installation includes a basin (diam. 0.3 m, depth 2 cm; Fig. 3) and an adjacent circular surface (diam. 0.3 m) surrounded by a channel. A farming terrace wall, oriented north–south and built of roughly hewn stones, was discerned west of the bedrock outcrop.
Architectural Remains (16, 18). The tops of two intersecting walls, built of medium-sized fieldstones were documented at Site 16. One wall is aligned north–south (length 8 m) and the other is oriented east–west (length 3 m). Walls built of medium-sized fieldstones were documented in an area (c. 5×8 m) at Site 18.
A Saqiye Well (2). A saqiye well and two adjacent collecting pools, an eastern (2.0×2.8 m, depth 1.5 m) and a western (4.4×6.0 m, depth 1.3 m; Fig. 4) one, were documented. The sides of the pools were coated with pale pink plaster and the bottoms were paved with a mosaic. The well was dated to the Byzantine period in the 2004 excavation (Permit No. A-4247).
Limekilns (10, 12). A round kiln (diam. 5.5 m) built of two rows of large fieldstones was documented at Site 10. A round heap of cleared stones (diam. 4 m) is located northwest of the kiln. A round limekiln (diam. 4.5 m), whose bottom part is bedrock hewn and the upper part is built of two rows of large fieldstones, was documented at Site 12.
A Watchman’s Hut (11). A rectangular structure (3×6 m) whose walls were built of a bottom course of large stones and six or seven upper courses of small stones (height 2 m) was documented.
Farming Terraces and Field Walls (3, 5, 6, 21). A farming terrace wall (length c. 30 m), built of roughly hewn medium stones and aligned northwest-southeast, was documented at Site 3. A farming terrace wall, built of one row of medium and large fieldstones and oriented east–west, was documented at Site 5. A cultivation plot, in which two long intersecting field walls are found, was documented at Site 6. The walls (width c. 1 m) were built of two rows of medium and large fieldstones and roughly hewn stones; one wall was oriented east–west (length c. 40 m) and the other was aligned north–south and its length is unclear (Fig. 6). A field wall (length c. 50 m, width c. 1 m) was documented at Site 21; oriented north–south, it was built of two rows of large, roughly hewn stones, with a core of fill consisting of soil and small stones. The wall curves slightly toward the west.
An Ancient Road (20). A road that runs east–west (length 100 m, width c. 4 m) and is delimited by two neat rows of large roughly hewn stones was documented.
A Potsherd Scattering (7). A scattering of potsherds was documented across an extensive area in two fields (c. 380 dunams). The potsherds ranged in date from the Bronze Age to the Byzantine period.
Stone Clearance Heaps (1, 13–15, 19). A stone clearance heap surrounded on the east and south by two walls (length c. 2 m) was documented at Site 1. A stone clearance heap (diam. 6 m) whose southern side was retained by a wall built of large fieldstones was documented at Site 13. A rectangular stone clearance heap (2.0×2.5 m) was documented at Site 14. Three elliptical stone clearance heaps, a western and eastern heaps (4×5 m) and a middle heap (3×4 m), were documented at Site 15. A square heap of stone clearance (2.0×2.5 m), surrounded by a wall built of one row of large fieldstones, was documented at Site 19.
Much of the surveyed area extends across rural regions and it is therefore not surprising that most of the documented sites are related to agricultural activities. The two limekilns also indicate that industrial activity occurred in the low and fertile regions.