Winepress 103 (Figs. 2, 3). A rock-cut winepress at the top of a hill (Trigonometric Point 671), which includes three treading floors. Two niches (L115, L116; 0.2×0.2 m, depth 0.4 m) were hewn in the southwestern wall of the treading floor (L114; c. 2.5×2.5 m, max. depth 0.7 m). Another niche (L125; diam. 0.3 m, depth 0.2 m) was hewn in the southeastern wall and a niche was hewn in the northwestern wall of the surface, leading to another treading floor. A shallow rock-cutting (L117; 1.5×2.0 m, depth 5 cm) was located close to the northeastern wall of the treading floor.
The surface of the second treading floor (L103; c. 1.8×2.7 m, depth c. 1 m) was c. 0.6 m lower than that of Treading Floor 114. A round niche (L126; diam. c. 0.3 m, depth c. 0.2 m) was hewn in the northwestern wall of the treading floor. A round collecting vat (L133; diam. 0.9 m, depth 1.5 m) was hewn in the eastern corner of the treading floor; pieces of grayish white plaster (thickness c. 0.5 cm) were traced on its sides.
A third treading floor (L112; c. 2.5×3.5 m, max. depth 10 cm) was located in the northeastern region of the winepress and a hewn channel (L118; width c. 7 cm) led to it. Ten hewn cupmarks (max. diam. 0.2 m, max. depth 10 cm) were located around the winepress, as well as fragments of jars, mostly from the Early Roman period (below), which had been swept over there.
Winepress 105 (Figs. 4–8). A rock-hewn winepress that included two treading floors (L105, L127). Two rectangular cavities (0.4×0.6 m, depth 0.2 m) were hewn in the southeastern wall of Treading Floor 105 (c. 3×3 m, max. depth 0.7 m). A short tunnel (length c. 25 cm, width 7 cm) in the northern corner of the treading floor led to a rock-cut filtration pit (L130; c. 0.5×0.5 m, depth 0.4 m). A rock-cut tunnel (length c. 10 cm, width c. 7 cm) in the northern corner of the filtration pit led to a collecting vat (L129; c. 1.5×1.5 m, depth 1.7 m). Patches of grayish white plaster (thickness c. 0.5 cm) were preserved on the sides of the collecting vat. The second Treading Floor 127 (c. 2×3 m, depth c. 0.4 m) was located north of Treading Floor 105. On its floor and sides were patches of grayish white plaster (thickness c. 0.5 cm). An opening in its northern corner led to a collecting vat (L136; 0.5×0.5 m, depth 0.6 m).
Most of the potsherds in the winepress had been swept over there and included jar fragments from the Late Iron Age and from the Persian or Hellenistic periods (fourth century CE, below).
Winepress 122 (Figs. 9, 10). A rock-hewn winepress that consisted of a treading floor (L122, c. 2.5×2.5 m, depth c. 0.7 m) and a collecting vat (L137; 1×1 m, depth c. 0.8 m) to its north, and a rock-hewn niche (L129; 0.3×0.3 m, depth 0.4 m) in the southern side of the floor. Eroded rock cuttings of an elliptical surface (L138; 2.0×2.5 m) were visible east of the treading floor. This was probably another treading floor, whose quarrying was incomplete.
Farming Terrace 100 (Figs. 11, 12). A farming terrace that contained a strip of ground (width 4 m) and leaned up against the terrace’s retaining wall (W132; length 12 m). The wall was built of a row of stones (max. length 0.4 m) and preserved a single course high. The natural bedrock surface was c. 0.3 m below the surface.
Farming Terrace 106 (Figs. 11, 13). A farming terrace that contained a strip of ground (width c. 3 m, depth c. 0.2 m) and was supported by a retaining wall (W133; length 6 m), built of one row of fieldstones (max. length 0.6 m) and preserved a single course high.
Farming Terrace 107 (Figs. 14, 15). A strip of ground (L107; width 3 m, depth 0.5 m) supported by a retaining wall (W134; length c. 20 m, width 0.65 m, height c. 0.4 m), built of two rows of flat fieldstones. The bedrock was exposed beneath the strip of earth.
Farming Terrace 110 (Fig. 16). A strip of ground (width c. 3 m, length 9 m) supported by a retaining wall (W135, length c. 16 m) built of one row of flat stones and standing one–two courses high. The soil was c. 0.2 m deep and bedrock was exposed beneath it.
Installation 101 (Fig. 17). A bodeda consisting of a circular pressing surface (diam. c. 1 m, depth c. 3 cm) connected to a round vat (diam. c. 0.5 m, depth c. 0.2 m).
Rock-cutting 108 (Fig. 18). A rectangular rock-cutting in the bedrock (c. 0.2×0.4 m, max. depth 0.3 m).
Installation 123 (Fig. 19). A rock-cut circular pit (diam. c. 1.5 m, depth c. 2 m) that was probably a cistern or a shaft entrance to a burial cave, whose quarrying was incomplete.
Installation 124 (Fig. 20). A rectangular rock-cutting (c. 0.3×0.6 m, max. depth 0.4 m).
Cave 102 (Figs. 21–23). A round natural cave (diam. 6 m, height 1.5 m). A circular courtyard (diam. c. 5 m) enclosed by natural bedrock was in front of the cave. A probe was excavated inside the cave and the courtyard (L102, L109; width 0.6 m, depth c. 0.2–0.6 m). The finds included jar fragments dating to the end of the Persian or the Early Hellenistic periods, a jar fragment from the Abbasid period, potsherds from the Ottoman period (below) and modern items, such as coins and rusted iron objects. Bedrock was located beneath the probe.
Pottery finds. The pottery finds included jars (Fig. 24:1, 2) from the Persian or Hellenistic periods (fourth century BCE); a bowl (Fig. 24:3) and baggy-shaped jars (Fig. 24:4–6) from the Early Roman period; an amphoriskos (Fig. 24:7) and a jar (Fig. 24:8) from the Abbasid period: and a bowl (Fig. 24:9), jars (Fig. 24:9–11) and jugs (Fig. 24:13, 14) from the Ottoman period.
The diffusion of the excavated installations is characteristic of this region of the Jerusalem hills and reflects agricultural activity along the fringes of adjacent settlements. Clusters of installations, of similar components and dates, had previously been excavated nearby in the region (‘Atiqot 38, pp. 137–170).
Despite the meager ceramic finds it seems that the use of the winepresses can be dated mainly to the Hellenistic and Early Roman periods.