Area A (Figs. 2, 3). A large quarry (90 sq m; L104, L105), burial cave (L118; not excavated) and two agricultural terrace walls (not drawn on the plan) were exposed. Evidence of rock-cuttings and the severance channels of stones were discovered in the quarry, indicating that stones of two main sizes were produced there (0.4 × 0.8 m, 0.6 × 0.9 m; Fig 4). A single level of building stones was hewn in most of the quarry; however, the rock-cutting in the southern part was deeper, and three quarrying steps were discovered (L105; more than 1.5 m deep). Unfinished building stones were also revealed in the quarry. In the northern part of the quarry was a deep rock-cutting (L104; 1.3 × 2.1 m, depth 1.8 m) with a shallow step hewn in its southern wall. In Rock Cutting 104, jars fragments dating to the first century CE (Fig. 6:10) and a jar fragment from the Late Roman period (fourth century CE; Fig. 6:11) were discovered.
A deep rectangular pit (1.2 × 3.2 m, more than 2.5 m deep; Fig. 5), hewn in hard nari, was exposed in the southeastern part of the quarry. Four phases were discerned in this pit. In the first phase the pit was part of the quarry, and building stones were produced there (L112; max. quarried depth 2 m). At a depth of 1.5 m below the surface, a bedrock step was left in the northern, eastern and western sides of the hewn pit (width 0.3 m). In the second phase, the pit was made deeper (L113), and an arched opening was hewn at the foot of its southern wall, leading to a burial cave (L118; diam. 4 m; not excavated) cut in the soft limestone bedrock after the quarry was no longer used. The cave was filled with alluvium to a height of about 1 m below the ceiling. Five hewn loculi were documented in the cave. Only their ceilings were visible, since they were full of soil. Roman-period pottery fragments—two bowls, one deep with a carinated wall (Fig. 6:1) and the other flat and broad with a handle affixed on its rim (Fig. 6:2); and two jar fragments, one with a thickened neck and a step below the rim (Fig. 6:4) and the other with a thickened rim (Fig. 6:5)—belonged to the second phase. In the third phase, the hewn pit and the cave opening were intentionally filled with brown soil and small and medium-sized fieldstones up to the top of the step (L116). A fragment of a Roman-period cooking pot (Fig. 6:3) and many jar fragments (Fig. 6:6–9) from the first century CE were found in the fill.
In the fourth phase, Fill 116 was tamped and an oven of light-colored, unfired, friable clay was built on top of it (diam. 0.7 m, preserved height 0.2 m; Fig. 7); the rim of the oven (width 0.1 m) sloped inward. Numerous tiny stones and ash were discovered within the oven. A large amount of ash was found on Fill 116 near the oven. Jar fragments dating to the Early Islamic period (ninth–tenth century CE) were ascribed to this phase. Modern refuse was found on the oven.
Two walls delimiting two agricultural terraces (the eastern wall—length 12 m, Fig. 8; the western wall—length 15 m, Fig. 9) were exposed c. 12 m northeast of the quarry. Both walls were founded on the bedrock and were preserved to a height of seven courses. The bottom course in each of the walls was constructed of boulders (0.7 × 1.5 m), whereas the rest of the courses were constructed of medium-sized fieldstones (average size 0.2 × 0.3 × 0.4 m). A modern concrete floor was exposed west of the western terrace wall.
Area B (Figs. 10, 11) yielded two rock-cut pit graves (L502, L507), a hewn enclosure (L115), a quarry (L111) and a modern animal pen (L109). The two graves were rectangular (0.5 × 1.6 m, depth 0.4 m). Tomb 502 was hewn in a boulder that was detached from the bedrock during the paving of Highway 65 (Fig 12). Tomb 507 was hewn in limestone bedrock (Fig. 13). Enclosure 115 (1.5 × 2.2 m) was rock-hewn and surrounded on all sides by vertical bedrock walls preserved to a maximum height of 0.89 m. Inside the enclosure were collapsed field walls, a large amount of ash and modern objects, including parts of kerosene burners and a saj used for cooking. According to a member of the ‘Arab en-Nujeidat Bedouin tribe, a bakery operated in the enclosure until the 1970s. It seems that the enclosure was ancient, but continued to be used during the modern era. Animal Pen 109 was delimited by fieldstone walls (W107, W108, W110; Fig. 14). A rock-cut step (not drawn on the excavation plan), probably an ancient building-stone quarry, was discovered inside the animal pen.
A section of an agricultural terrace retaining wall (length 4.5 m; Fig. 15) was exposed on the slope, c. 50 m southwest of Area B. The wall was built of flat fieldstones (0.2 × 0.2 × 0.4 m) along a north–south axis, and was preserved three courses high (0.5 m).