During May 2002 a development survey was undertaken in Modi‘in, along the route of Highways Nos. 1, 11 and 12 (Permit No. A-3643*; map ref. NIG 1998–2024/6426–33; OIG 1498–524/1426–33). The survey, on behalf of the Antiquities Authority and financed by the Ministry of Housing and Construction, was conducted by L. Barda and O. Shmueli, with the participation of T. Kanias and the assistance of M. Avissar (pottery reading) and H. Khalaily (identification of flint tools).
The survey area was south of Kh. Umm el-‘Umdan and along the northern fringes of H. Hadat. The sites (Nos. 1–50; Fig. 1) recorded in the western part of the surveyed area included a burial cave (No. 36), dating to the Second Temple period, animal pens, agricultural terraces and dam complexes that were located in the wadi channels, as well as a possibly natural cave, and several rock-cut installations, such as a winepress, a cupmark, a bodeda and a shallow quarry. An ancient road (No. 22; width 4 m), located slightly above the wadi channel, was also surveyed. It ran in an east–west direction and in the east, it branched off to the south.
Along the eastern section of the highway (Sites 51–77; Fig 2), the northern fringes of H. Hadat (Site 52; see I. Magen and I. Finkelstein [eds], Archaeological Survey of the Hill Country of Benjamin, Jerusalem 1993, p. 105) were surveyed. Farming terraces were recorded; the soil between their stones contained pottery fragments from the Hellenistic, Byzantine and Mamluk periods, as well as tesserae. These terraces were probably built atop architectural remains. A Neolithic site (65) was discovered on the eastern slope of H. Hadat. It included rock-cut vats, cupmarks and a scattering of flints. Nearby, a burial cave (Site 60) from the Second Temple period, quarries and rock-cut steps were noted. In the northeastern section of the road, architectural elements (Site 77), including ashlar stones, (0.2 × 0.3 × 0.5 m) were documented, as well as a scattering of potsherds, which originated in a nearby building that had been damaged in the past.