In September 1998 a burial cave was documented in Kafr Qari‘ (A-2929*; map ref. NIG 20543/71245; OIG 15543/21245), following its discovery during the course of construction work. The documentation, on behalf of the Antiquities Authority, was carried out by M. Masarwa and D. Barshad, assited by Z. Botman (surveying), I. Lidsky (glass drawing) and Y. Gorin-Rosen (glass).
The cave (Fig. 1) was meticulously hewn in soft kirton bedrock. The entrance, on the western side of the cave, was found sealed with a rolling stone that was kept in place by small stones. The entrance led to a central chamber (L500; 2.6 x 2.7 m), filled with alluvium that covered human bones. Among the bones were many skulls that appear to have been arranged separately from the rest of the bones, which were scattered throughout the chamber. Fragments of pottery vessels from the Late Roman and Byzantine periods were found with the bones.
Six loculi (Loci 501–503, 506–508; 0.60–0.65 x 1.85–1.90 m, height 0.80–0.95 m) that contained human bones were hewn in the northern and southern walls of the chamber. The floor of Loculus 501 was overlaid with unarticulated bones. A hole in the southwestern corner of the loculus was formed when another adjacent cave was hewn to the south. A bluish-green cylindrical glass bottle (height 10.8 cm; Fig. 2) was discovered in the middle of the cave. Its rim is folded-in and flattened in an irregular manner, the neck is cylindrical and widens toward the body and the base is flat. The bottle is carelessly made and since it is the sole find from the cave it can not be accurately dated, other than to generally attribute it to the Roman period (first–second centuries CE). In the middle of Loculus 503 were five skulls, in Loculus 506 four skulls and in Loculus 507 two skulls.
An arcosolium that consisted of two parallel troughs (L504, L505; Fig. 3), which contained bone fragments, was hewn in the eastern wall of the cave. A gabled lid (0.54 x 1.79 m) with four acroteria, broken in the center, was discerned next to the western trough. A basalt bowl (inner diam. 19 cm; Fig. 4) with a flat rim and four rounded knobs was discovered in Trough 505.
Upon the conclusion of the documentation the opening breached during the construction work was sealed and a retaining wall was built to prevent looting.