During November 2011, a survey was conducted in the ‘Arava along Highway 90, in the section between Km 125 and Km 153 (License No. S-313/2011; map ref. 216764–20768/489181–507676), prior to widening the road. The survey, undertaken on behalf of the Israel Antiquities Authority and underwritten by the Department of Public Works, was performed by Y. Haimi (field photography) and D. Nahlieli, with the assistance of S. Gal (GPS).
The survey was carried out on foot in the region of ‘En Yahav and Zofar and six sites were documented (1–6; Fig. 1). The declared antiquities site ‘Nahal ‘Ashosh South’ is located in the survey area; an encampment site and tumulus from the Early Bronze Age were documented there.
1. Map ref. 219112/505896. Several round structures (Fig. 2) located in an encampment site (c. 3.5 dunams).
2. Map ref. 219348/505722. Several round structures (Fig. 3) located in an encampment site (c. 0.5 dunam).
3. Map ref. 217177/491931. A stone heap (diam. c. 1 m), possibly an installation.
4. Map ref. 216800/489621. A tumulus (diam. c. 5 m; Fig. 4).
5. Map ref. 216746/489651. A tumulus (diam. c. 5 m; Fig. 5).
6. Map ref. 219708/504096. A distribution pool and a water conduit leading to it (length c. 55 m, width 0.4 m; Fig. 6) were documented near ‘En Yahav. They were apparently used for agriculture.