Dolmens (Sites 3, 4, 6, 7, 13, 14, 18–20, 22–26, 34, 35, 38–40, 44–50, 56, 58, 61–64, 67–70, 73, 77–80, 87, 89, 91, 94, 96, 97, 99, 104, 106, 111, 112, 114, 115, 117). Remains of megalithic structures were identified; most of these are ancient tombs, probably from the Intermediate Bronze Age, whose burial chambers could be discerned, as well as dolmens or stone heaps that apparently covered burial chambers or their remains. Burial chambers with their covering stones, in situ, were identified at Sites 3B, 4C and 78 (1×1 m, 2×2 m, 2.0×2.5 m respectively; Figs. 2–4). The three chambers had been plundered in the past. The dolmens are for the most part well-preserved, and they belong to the group of medium-sized structures (Stepansky Y. 2005. The Dolmens in Ramat Korazim. The Golan – Man and Landscape, Collected Papers. Golan Research Institute: 37–50).
Grazing Areas and a Temporary Habitation (Sites 5, 11, 12, 15, 27, 54, 102, 110). Rock-hewn installations, animal pens, field walls and retaining walls that were built of basalt fieldstones. These remains can be ascribed to the semi-nomadic habitation dating from ancient periods, at least from the Chalcolithic period—fourth millennium BCE, to the present. Often, these were tribes, such as the Zangaria tribe, engaged in grazing and local farming. Two ruins were documented; one consists of a structure built of roughly hewn basalt whose opening presumably faced east (Site 11; Fig. 5) and nearby animal pens (Site 12; c. 20×25 m) built of fieldstones, both from the modern era; the other site is a building, survived by two rooms and constructed from large fieldstones (Site 110; room dimensions 3×6 m; Fig. 6).
Ancient Roads (Site 72). A section of the Via Maris is well-preserved (width 7–8 m; Fig. 7). This road, which seems to have been used in the Mamluk and Ottoman periods (thirteenth–nineteenth centuries CE), was a main highway that linked the capital cities of Cairo and Damascus and caravanserai were constructed alongside it: Khan Tujar (near Bet Keshet), Khan Minyah, Khan Jubb Yusuf and Khan Benot Ya‘aqov. The road is clearly visible in aerial photographs that were taken in the early 1990s (Fig. 8).
The identified remains are well-preserved because no development work using mechanical equipment was done in most of the area, and the antiquities sites are generally still standing as they were when abandoned. This is a relatively rare situation in our country’s landscape and it deserves special reference.