Area A
Remains of a wall (W1; Figs. 4, 5) were exposed in Sq D4. It was built of a single course of fieldstones and roughly hewn stones and founded on the natural ground. Pottery from the Byzantine period (fourth–eighth centuries CE), dating the wall to this period, was discovered in its vicinity. The wall was covered with a layer of travertine, erosion and small pebbles.
Four stones arranged in two rows on the natural ground were uncovered in Sq E1.
A habitation level and remains of a wall (W6; Figs. 6, 7) that consisted of a single course set close to pavement remains (L115) were exposed in Squares G6, H5 and H6. The wall and floor were founded on a layer of alluvium and small light colored stream pebbles. This layer was deposited on travertine sediment. In addition, meager sections of walls and numerous potsherds, all dating to the Roman period (first–fourth centuries CE), were exposed.
Area B
Remains of three fieldstone-built walls (W3–W5, Figs. 8, 9), preserved a single course high, were exposed; these were set on white alluvium layer that contained small stream pebbles and was founded on travertine deposits. The upper part of the walls might have been built of mud bricks that did not survive. The walls delineated a room that was probably part of a building. Several potsherds from the Ottoman period and modern era were found in their vicinity.
Area C
Remains of a wall (W2; length 34 m; Figs. 10–12) were uncovered in Squares G1 and G2, which were expanded. A single course, built of fieldstones and roughly hewn stones, was founded on brown soil that was overlain with a layer of white alluvium with small stream pebbles. The wall was excavated in several places, but no finds that can date the time of its construction were recovered. Pottery from the Roman and Byzantine periods was found in its vicinity. The wall might have served as a dam in a water system until it went out of use and was flooded, or it may possibly have functioned as a foundation of a built water channel.
A layer of alluvium and white travertine deposits with small stream pebbles was found in the other squares (excavated depth 0.4–2.7 m).
Numerous processes of erosion and deposition occurred in the excavation area and therefore a scant amount of potsherds from the Chalcolithic period and the Middle Bronze Age was found. Most of the finds dated to the Roman and Byzantine periods and some can be ascribed to the water, irrigation and agricultural systems. Similar finds from these periods were uncovered in the Bet She’an Valley. The building remains in Sq H6 might be related to these agricultural works. The recovered pottery included bowls (Fig. 13:1–5), kraters (Fig. 13:6, 7), cooking pots (Fig. 13:8–17) and jars (Fig. 13:18–24).
The rich ceramic finds from the Roman and Byzantine periods might be related to the potter’s workshop that was discovered at Horbat Parva. Presumably, the ancient settlement, a small part of which was excavated and is today referred to as the Synagogue of Rehov, extended as far as the current excavation area or the excavation area was within the farmland adjacent to this settlement.