During June 2010, a survey preceding development was conducted in and around Horbat Ma‘aglan (License No. S-204/2010; map ref. 184740/609494; Fig. 1), prior to planting trees. The survey, undertaken on behalf of the Israel Antiquities Authority and underwritten by the Jewish National Fund, was directed by E. Aladjem (GPS).
Horbat Ma‘aglan, on a hilltop located alongside another hill, is c. 200 m south of Lakhish Junction and c. 1 km northwest of Tel Lakhish. Fifteen sites (1–15) were identified in the survey, including caves, a winepress, architectural remains, farming terraces, a quarry and cupmarks, all probably dating to the Ottoman period. A previous archaeological survey was performed in the vicinity and remains of buildings, fences, cisterns and potsherds from the Byzantine and Ottoman periods were identified (Dagan 1992: Site 13). The hillsides were covered with low vegetation and undergrowth (height c. 0.5 m); there might be ancient remains hidden beneath the vegetation, which were not discovered in the survey.
Caves (1, 2, 15). Cave 1 (map ref. 184391/609665) is a cave dwelling consisting of two spaces separated by a wall built of fieldstones. Caves 2 and 15 (map ref. 184573/609672, 184677/609242 respectively) are natural and no ancient remains were found in them.
Winepress (3; map ref. 184567/609697). The installation is rock-hewn and consists of a round treading floor and a collecting vat.
Architectural Remains (4, 5, 11–14). Building 4 (5× 5 m; map ref. 184420/609619) is square and built of fieldstones; it might have been a watchman’s hut. Building 5 (map ref. 184245/609541) consists of six rooms. Its walls are built of fieldstones and a cave dwelling was discerned below it. Buildings 11 and 14 are square (each 6×6 m; map ref. 184743/609474, 184590/609184 respectively) and were found filled with small stones; their walls are built of fieldstones. These might have been field towers that were destroyed and covered over with stone clearance heaps. Building 12 is massive (30×30 m; map ref. 184809/609397). Its walls are thick (1.0–1.5 m) and it is divided into several spaces. Building 13 (map ref. 184861/609438) is situated on a hilltop and has massive walls (thickness 1.5 m).
Farming Terraces (6, 7; map refs. 184381/609833, 184380/609799 respectively). Two massive farming terraces, each one has a retaining wall (length 20 m, width 1 m, height 2 m) built of large fieldstones (0.6–1.0 m).
Quarry (8; 6×6 m; map ref. 184364/609836). Its sides are perpendicular and signs of rock-cutting and the detachment of building stones are evident.
Cupmarks (9, 10; map refs. 184303/609844, 184740/609494 respectively). Two rock-hewn cupmarks; one is semicircular (diam. 0.3 m, depth 0.1 m) and the other is circular (diam. 0.4 m, depth 0.3 m).
Dagan Y. 1992. Map of Lachish  (Archaeological Survey of Israel). Jerusalem.